Somalia + 4 more

Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #8, Fiscal Year (FY) 2008



Note: The last fact sheet was dated August 29, 2008.


- On September 6, the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) reported that the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (GFDRE) Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (DPPA) had endorsed the hub-and-spoke logistics program for Somali Region at the technical level, and had passed a positive recommendation to higher government officials. WFP is prepared to set up the special logistics program, with the aim of dispatching the October allocations from forward hubs in Degehabur and Gode towns.

- The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports that the Somali Regional Health Bureau (RHB) has started Enhanced Outreach Strategy screening for child survival in 13 woredas. Preparations are underway for second round screening in 22 additional woredas in the region.

- On September 8, USAID-supported Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reported that the Strategic Grain Reserve in Kenya currently holds less than one-quarter of the 360,000 metric tons (MT) statutory requirement.

- According to the September Food Security Alert from FEWS NET, new areas of Somalia are now facing high levels of food insecurity, including Sool, Nugal, and Togdheer regions in the north.

- To date in FY 2008, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $1 billion in combined humanitarian assistance to Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, including more than $101 million in USAID/OFDA non-food assistance and nearly $860 million in food assistance from USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP).

Djibouti: Population in need of emergency assistance
FEWS NET - August 28, 2008
Eritrea: Estimated population facing food insecurity
1.7 million(1)
FAO -2008
Ethiopia: Population in need of emergency assistance
11.8 million(2)
GFDRE - August 2008
Kenya: Population in need of emergency assistance
1.38 million
KFSSG(3) - August 19, 2008
Somalia: Population in need of emergency assistance
3.2 million
FSAU - August 26, 2008


USAID/OFDA Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $101,180,851
USAID/FFP Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $858,402,500
State/PRM(4) Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $54,754,899
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $1,014,338,250



- According to the USG Humanitarian Assistance Team (HAT), WFP is currently only distributing full food rations to approximately 55,000 rural residents, 31 percent below the total number of rural residents requiring food assistance.


- According to the U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF), many children remain vulnerable to diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, and malnutrition due to drought conditions resulting in a lack of clean water. UNICEF is targeting 45,000

children, including more than 10,000 malnourished children, for nutrition interventions and 60,000 people for water, sanitation, and hygiene activities.

- To date, USAID/OFDA has contributed nearly $2.7 million to UNICEF for nutrition and water, sanitation, and hygiene activities in drought-affected areas in Eritrea. USAID/OFDA has also provided $250,000 to OCHA for humanitarian coordination and information management.


- As of September 9, WFP reported a total food aid assistance shortfall of 145,690 MT, valued at approximately $119 million.

- The International Organization for Migration is leading the coordination cluster for the flood response in Gambella Region, according to the USG HAT. Samaritan's Purse, the Ethiopian Red Cross Society, and ZOA will provide assistance in Lare, Abobo, Gambella, Akobo, and Itang woredas. UNICEF, the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), FAO, and the GFDRE will provide transportation and emergency relief commodities to flood-affected areas.

- According to OCHA, high food insecurity is affecting many households and leading to an increase in the prevalence of malnutrition of children under the age of five in Teru, Kori, Elidar, Erepti, Bidu, and Gulina woredas, Afar Region.

- Several areas in Oromiya Region are responding well to the June to October meher rains while the late planted belg crops in other areas have compromised the meher planting, according to WFP. In East Harargue Zone, the situation is particularly worrying, with meher crops already dried up due to a lack of rain.

- On September 8, the DPPA-led Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU) reported that therapeutic feeding programs (TFPs) admitted 2,019 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) between August 20 and 25 in Oromiya Region. New admissions during the reporting week bring the total number of admissions to 10,973 between July 23 and August 25.

- In Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP) Region, TFPs admitted 3,608 children with SAM between August 15 and 21, according to the ENCU. New admissions during the reporting week bring the total number of admissions to 28,335 children between June 27 and August 21.

- OCHA reports increased drought conditions continue in Degehabur, Korahe, and Warder zones, Somali Region.

- On September 11, the USG HAT reported that the 15 RHB mobile health and nutrition teams supported by UNICEF have been redeployed in Somali Region after a delay of one month.

- On August 23, the Somali RHB launched a polio vaccination campaign targeting 678,000 children under the age of five. The U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF are providing financial support to the Somali RHB for the campaign.

- USAID/OFDA non-governmental organization (NGO) partner Mercy Corps is initiating emergency slaughter destocking in Gunagado Woreda, Degehabur Zone, Somali Region. Other NGOs are undertaking similar animal off-take interventions in other areas of Somali Region.

- On September 8, USAID chaired a meeting with OCHA, Save the Children/US, Mercy Corps, and WFP to discuss a more coordinated response to the internally displaced person (IDP) situation in Filtu Woreda, Liben Zone, Somali Region. The group focused primarily on the population of Malka Sora Camp, with an estimated 11,000 to 12,000 IDPs.

Map: USG Humanitarian Assistance to the Horn of Africa (as of 12 Sep 2008)