Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #11, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017

Report
from US Agency for International Development
Published on 30 Sep 2017

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Nearly one million people displaced in Somalia from January to August, more than 800,000 primarily due to drought conditions

  • Clashes in Ethiopia’s Oromiya and Somali regions displace populations, exacerbate humanitarian needs

  • USG provided more than $1 billion in humanitarian funding for the Horn of Africa regional response in FY 2017

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • Between January and August, relief organizations recorded approximately 975,000 new internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Somalia, with drought contributing to the displacement of more than 800,000 of the IDPs, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

  • Relief organizations and international media have reported the displacement of thousands of people in Ethiopia’s Oromiya and Somali regions in recent weeks, following conflict in border areas between the two regions. Displacement and casualty figures remain difficult to verify due to the fluid security situation and limited humanitarian access. Relief agencies are coordinating with Government of Ethiopia (GoE) authorities to identify areas of displacement and critical humanitarian needs.

  • In September, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported an increased likelihood that a La Niña climatic event could develop by late 2017. Historically, La Niña events are associated with below-average October-to-December deyr rains over the Horn of Africa, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).

  • In FY 2017, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $1 billion in multi-sector humanitarian assistance for the the Horn of Africa regional response, including approximately $235.3 million from USAID/OFDA, nearly $631.5 million from USAID/FFP, and more than $174.1 million from State/PRM.