Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2018
• Food security in Somalia deteriorated between August and October due to ongoing conflict and drought conditions
• USAID partners in Kenya remain prepared to respond to civil unrest following the country’s repeat election in October
• Nearly 40 percent of the approximately 578,000 IDPs in Ethiopia’s Oromiya Region lack adequate shelter
• Approximately 3.3 million people in Somalia are experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reported in November.4 FEWS NET and the USAID-supported Somalia Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) caution that parts of Somalia will remain at risk of Famine—IPC 5—through at least May 2018. Households across Somalia have reduced access to food and income following three consecutive poor rainy seasons, which resulted in below-average agricultural production and large-scale livestock losses, in addition to ongoing conflict.
• The August and October presidential elections in Kenya resulted in civil unrest that led to nearly 55 deaths and at least 150 injuries, according to the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR). Relief organizations continue to monitor for additional civil unrest. USAID partners had pre-positioned emergency relief commodities— including food, shelter items, and other supplies—to assist people affected by electionrelated unrest, as needed.
• In FY 2017, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $1 billion in multi-sector humanitarian assistance for the the Horn of Africa regional response, including approximately $235 million from USAID/OFDA, more than $650 million from USAID/FFP, and more than $174 million from State/PRM.