Somalia + 5 more

Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017



6.2 million
People in Somalia Requiring Humanitarian Assistance During 2017
UN – February 2017

2.9 million
People in Somalia Experiencing Crisis or Emergency Levels of Acute Food Insecurity
FEWS NET, FSNAU – February 2017

5.6 million
People in Ethiopia Requiring Humanitarian Assistance During 2017
GoE – January 2017

1.25 million
People in Kenya Experiencing Stressed or Crisis Levels of Acute Food Insecurity
GoK – January 2017

Somali Refugees in Neighboring Countries
UNHCR – December 2016


  • Recent below-average rains exacerbate drought conditions across region

  • FEWS NET, FSNAU warn of worsening food insecurity, famine risk in Somalia

  • 2017 humanitarian appeals for Ethiopia and Somalia request $948 million and $864 million, respectively

  • USG commits nearly $182 million for critical relief interventions in the Horn of Africa to date in FY 2017


  • Below-average rainfall, significantly reduced agricultural harvests, and overall limited access to food are exacerbating food insecurity, adversely affecting access to water and pasture for livestock, and generating significant needs in drought-affected areas in the Horn of Africa region, particularly in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. Current trends are expected to continue through mid-2017. Government stakeholders and relief agencies are assessing humanitarian conditions and responding to urgent needs across the region.

  • The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU) estimate that more than 2.9 million people across Somalia face Crisis—IPC 3—or Emergency—IPC 4—levels of acute food insecurity through June, bringing the total acutely food-insecure population in the country to 6.2 million people.4 Somalia is experiencing an increasingly severe drought and related impacts on water availability, food accessibility, nutrition, and agricultural, pastoral, and agro-pastoral livelihoods. The likelihood of famine is expected to increase in the coming months if the April-to-June gu rains are below average, purchasing power continues to decline, and humanitarian actors are unable to reach populations in need.

  • In FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) contributed nearly $855 million to support relief interventions in the Horn of Africa. To date in FY 2017, USAID/FFP has provided an estimated $171 million of food assistance for drought-affected and foodinsecure people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia. USAID/OFDA has committed nearly $8.7 million in FY 2017 to address immediate agriculture, food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs in Ethiopia. State/PRM has contributed $2.3 million to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) revised regional appeal for the Yemen response in Ethiopia and Djibouti.