Somalia

DEC CVA Real-Time Response Review: Somalia and Somaliland

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Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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FRANCOIS GRUNEWALD
BOUH OMAR ALI

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. GENERAL CONTEXT OF THE REVIEW

1.1.1. GLOBAL CONTEXT

In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) launched a specific COVID Appeal on 14 July 2020. By the end of August 2020, the campaign had raised over £22.5 million, including UK Aid Match.

Contrary to other DEC appeals in response to emergencies already unfolding, this appeal adopted a proactive approach, based on the idea that responding as early as possible with preventive measures was the most effective way of stopping the pandemic. Selecting countries based on forecasts of the humanitarian needs that would be created by the COVID-19 epidemic was challenging and decisions had to be made with a ‘no regrets’ approach.

In the end, the funds raised by the Coronavirus 2020 Appeal were allocated to 14 DEC members already working in 7 fragile states in Asia (Afghanistan and Bangladesh for the Rohingya crisis), the Middle East (Yemen and Syria) and Africa (DRC, Somalia and South Sudan). These were selected as priority countries facing a critical situation exacerbated by the Covid-19 crisis. The funds were used to adapt on-going projects and to develop new projects to respond to the anticipated health and non-health impacts of the pandemic, as well as to cope with the impacts of the measures taken to stop it. Special attention was given to specific due diligence and protection measures for staff and partners.

A first allocation of £13m was made in July 2020, of which DEC Member Charities budgeted £10.9m for Phase 1 programmes (14th June 20 - 31st January 21). A second allocation was confirmed in early November 2020 to be used either for Phase 1 or Phase 2. Phase 2 programmes will run from 1 February 2021 - 31 January 2022. The Real-Time Response Review is part of DEC’s accountability policy. It contributes to meeting the high demand for accountability from the British population, who donated very generously to the DEC Coronavirus 2020 Appeal, and it aims to increase learning and contribute to the continuous improvement of humanitarian practices.

1.2. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF THE REVIEW

In line with the DEC’s strong commitment to transparency, continuous learning and accountability, and for the first time across the entire funding period, Groupe URD has been selected and granted to provide MEAL services for the humanitarian programmes funded by the DEC Covid-19 Appeal.
The main tasks will be:

  • Carrying out the real-time Response Review of the DEC-funded programmes. Making recommendations for improvements in aid delivery based on the main findings of the review;

  • Providing technical advice and guidance on MEAL related activities through a collaborative approach (including some collective learning interventions);

  • Conducting a one-day learning and evaluation workshop in phase 2 in order to reflect upon the improvements made since the Response Review, and inform potential themes for evaluations;

  • Carrying out a meta-synthesis of evaluations, MEAL reviews and other activities.