Community safety in Somaliland 2008-2010: An evaluation


Executive Summary

This paper was written to evaluate a community safety programme implemented by the Danish Demining Group (DDG) in Somaliland between May 2008 and February 2010. The findings focus on four main areas; meeting the requirements for HAP certification, monitoring the progress towards meeting output targets, measuring the impact activities have had overall in the seven target communities in the districts of Daami and Sheikh, and reflecting over lessons learned in order to improve future programming.

Humanitarian Accountability Principles Certification Assessment

Using a simple survey assessment targeted at beneficiaries in the target area, implementing partners and DDG's own internal procedures, percentage scores were calculated for each area of HAP accountability. The scores were as follows:

- On the issue of making relevant information available to stakeholders, including partners and beneficiaries, DDG Somaliland achieved a pass on all indicators and scored 100% overall

- On involving beneficiaries in programme decision making and attaining informed consent of beneficiaries during interventions, DDG also scored well with 92%

- In the area of determining the competencies, attitudes and development needs of staff required to implement a quality management system 54% of criteria were satisfied

- DDG successfully set up a complaint handling procedure meeting 89%.of the HAP criteria

-  A process of continual improvement suitable for an accountability framework and quality management system has been established, with DDG meeting 89% of the criteria

- However on the issue of ensuring the agency shall document its accountability framework referring to all relevant internal and external accountability and quality standards, codes, guidelines, and principles committed to by the agency and demonstrate that the QMS enables implementation of the accountability framework, DDG was not able to explicitly show the presence of an explicit integrated accountability framework or quality management system

The main conclusion from this assessment is that DDG has proved itself to be accountable to its partners and beneficiaries but needs to develop its own internal frameworks to ensure that accountability systems are streamlined and link seamlessly together.

Monitoring Progress and Success on Output Targets

The Community Safety Programme's Logical Framework document lays out a number of output targets which it was necessary to achieve if the immediate objectives of the programme were to be met. When progress on these targets was measured the following was found:

- A functional Community Safety Framework has been successfully developed as evidenced by its documentation in a community safety handbook with operational guidelines, adaptation for use in other DDG programmes and in the expansion of work in Somalia

- Community Safety research has been successfully completed with the publication of a joint DDG-Small Arms Survey report to stress the need for Community Safety interventions and provide empirical evidence for future programming

- Broad Based Community Safety Plans are in place in all seven target communities

- 187 Community Management Committee members received capacity training to enable them to successfully plan and implement community safety plans by themselves

- 40 community members (19 females & 21 males) were trained as trainers in conflict management and in total 830 community members (407 females & 423 males) of the target areas have received Conflict Management Education either from community educators or DDG staff

- 81 community members (50 females & 31 males) were trained as trainers in firearms safety and in total 8,949 community members (4327 females & 4622 males) of the target areas were given Firearms Safety Education by some of these community educators or DDG staff

- 5,069 people (1,408 females & 3,661 males) from the target areas received Mine Risk Education, with DDG undertaking the training of trainers in the target communities to ensure the sustainability of the knowledge base

- CBP mechanisms have been established to cover all seven communities within the target areas with varying levels of efficiency thus far achieved

- 58 owners of private ERW stockpiles were identified in the Community Safety target areas. 100% of this group gave up their stockpiles, numbering 145 items of ERW in total. DDG destroyed all 145 items of ERW surrendered to them and a further 42 in the CS target areas

- 1,104 safe storage devices were distributed to identified firearm owners and requesting institutions in the target areas

The conclusions that can be drawn from the progress made on meeting output targets is that DDG has evidently proved successful in meeting almost all targets. This may represent an understandable caution in the planning phase but this caution has been largely mitigated by the additional outputs undertaken.