Cholera cases soar as Somalia spirals towards famine
The international community is repeating the failures that led to the deaths of over a quarter-of-a-million Somalis in 2011, Save the Children has warned. The charity’s health and nutrition clinics are reporting ‘all the early warnings signs’ of an avoidable catastrophe, with deaths from cholera and acute watery diarrhoea rising sharply.
These diseases are death sentences for children whose bodies have been weakened by hunger. More than 8,400 cases of the diseases have already been confirmed in 2017, 200 of which have been fatal. Save the Children officials are warning that the scale of the suffering is even greater than at the equivalent stage in 2011.
The number of cases has relentlessly increased since the drought began late last year; from fewer than 200 in the first week of November to nearly 1,400 in the second week of February. Save the Children has dispatched an emergency treatment team to the epicentre of the cholera crisis, across the Bay region and its capital Baidoa, where 72% of the cases have been reported.
The drought is one of the worst in living memory – and far more severe and protracted than the 2011 drought. Crops have been destroyed. Pastoralists’ herds have been decimated. Many communities have been left without access to safe water.
Around one million Somali children are predicted to become malnourished this year, with almost 200,000 at risk of death from severe acute malnutrition.
“Saving these lives and rebuilding livelihoods will require concerted action by the international community – and that action needs to start now,” said Hassan Saadi Noor, Save the Children’s Country Director in Somalia.
Save the Children and other agencies are reporting a dramatic deterioration in child health and nutritional status. Among the most worrying indicators in addition to cholera are:
Acute Respiratory Infections: doctors in Save the Children’s 72 clinics in Puntland are reporting high levels of pneumonia among children of pastoralists and farmers.
Mass displacement: an estimated 250,000 people have been displaced as a result of the drought. Many of them have moved to camps lacking even the most basic health, nutrition, water and sanitation services.
Food insecurity: around half of the country – some 6.2 million people – are in urgent need of support. “Given the weight of evidence, the scale of suffering and the memory of 2011, the international community’s response to the crisis facing Somalia’s children is indefensible and unforgivable,” said Noor.
“The surge in deaths during the 2011 drought happened in April – and the drought was less severe then. The international community ignored the early warning signs, failed to act decisively and waited until July to declare a famine. They are now repeating all of the mistakes from the 2011 playbook.”
Save the Children is calling on aid donors to deliver immediate financing for Somalia. An estimated $825M is needed to be delivered by June to keep people alive and start the recovery process for immediate life-saving investments and support for reconstruction. Only $105M has been received to date.
Save the Children is calling on the international community to work together and urgently increase funding to stop the drought from becoming a full-blown humanitarian disaster.
“We need to see the G7, other donors, and UN agencies drawing up a plan for delivering real money” said Noor.
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Notes to Editors
More than 8,400 cases of the diseases have already been confirmed in 2017, 200 of which have been fatal. World Health Organisation (WHO) Cluster Flash Update 07.03.17
The number of cases has risen sharply since the drought began late last year; from less than 200 cases in the first week of November to nearly 1400 in the second week of February. WHO Cholera situation update February 2017
Around one million Somali children are predicted to become malnourished this year, with almost 200,000 at risk of death from severe acute malnutrition. The Somalia Nutrition Cluster.
Mass displacement. More than 250,000 people have been displaced as a result of the drought. Many of them have moved to displacement camps lacking even the most basic health, nutrition, water and sanitation services. UNHCR Somalia update 28 Feb 2017
Food insecurity. Around half of the country – some 6.2 million people – are in urgent need of support. http://www.unocha.org/somalia