The overall food security situation in Somalia continues to improve, but the number of people who are food insecure – 4.6 million – is still above the pre-crisis level from two years ago. Compared to last year, the total number of people in need (PIN) for humanitarian assistance has reduced from 6.2 million people in 2018 to 4.2 million projected for 2019. This reduction is a result of three factors: improvement of the humanitarian situation, a more focused definition of humanitarian needs; and calculation of people in need beyond food security and nutrition data. Recurrent climatic shocks, the ongoing conflict, marginalization and limited access to basic services continue to drive humanitarian needs, including increasing protection risks and perpetuation of displacement. More than 2.6 million Somalis are internally displaced due to conflict and climatic shocks. They account for 58 percent of those who face crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity, with malnutrition rates among the IDP children particularly high. An estimated 1.5 million people are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse. Gains made in food security remain fragile as they are largely dependent on the continued performance of seasonal rains and sustained humanitarian response. Urban IDPs and rural communities are among the most vulnerable.
By end-October 2018, the Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) received $671million. Together with approximately $186 million received for activities outside the Plan, the Somalia operation has received $857 million in donor contributions. The overall funding received by end-October 2018 is 70 per cent of that reported in the same period in 2017, with trends being similar for HRP and non-HRP funding (70 and 69 per cent, respectively).
Total humanitarian income in 2018 had kept pace with 2017 through the first half of the year. While in 2017 the income was steady throughout the entire year, due to the continued threat of famine, spike in major diseases and displacement, new contributions have been modest in the second half of 2018 as the overall food security situation in Somalia has improved. Despite improvements continued strong support from donors will be required to sustain the life-saving assistance early in 2019, alongside scaling up livelihood and resilience support to take advantage of the projected above-average Deyr rains.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.