Solomon Islands

Final Evaluation: UN Peace Building Fund project Solomon Islands, Phase II

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Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The second round of funding for the Solomon Islands from the Secretary General’s Peace Building Fund – some USD3.2m over 21 months – is evaluated to have moderately contributed to progress in the country’s consolidation of peace. The project’s Theory of Change was ambitious and seen through the lens of the Solomon Islands’ complex socio-historical, geographic and operating context, this moderate positive movement of the needle on building peace represents a notable achievement. The time frame afforded by the 21-month implementation period was too short to catalyze a lasting and peaceful consolidation of the country’s continued transition away from the 1998-2003 Tensions that began with the 2003-2017 deployment of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI). Most crucially however, the project:

  • filled major budget and capacity gaps for the core peace building actors of the Solomon Islands government (SIG) and built strong relationships with key SIG bodies including the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO);

  • catalyzed the advancement of legislative items key to peace and reconciliation;

  • improved institutionalization and socialization of gender equality into governments and community level peace and reconciliation efforts from a very low base;

The gains and achievements of PBF II require ongoing support to be sustained or advanced; absent consolidation through further financial and technical support, the momentum built by PBF II with in the national and provincial governments and within civil society such as the project’s Provincial Women’s Caucuses will be lost though this would not in itself result in a return to conflict in the country. Project sustainability will also rest heavily on SIG political will; prospects for sustainability are mediated by the government’s weakness at funding peacebuilding activities and absence of alternative or parallel peacebuilding donors.