Solomon Islands

Building Community Resilience in the Solomon Islands : Helping communities manage disaster and climate risk

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AT A GLANCE

Against the backdrop of intensifying climate and disaster risk, the Solomon Islands is building resilience at the community level through the Community Resilience to Climate and Disaster Risk in Solomon Islands Project (CRISP) project.

NATURAL HAZARDS AMPLIFIED BY CLIMATE CHANGE

Located in the Pacific Ring of Fire and within the cyclone belt, the Solomon Islands is highly prone to natural hazards such as tropical cyclones, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, floods and droughts. The small island developing state is ranked among the 10 countries with the greatest exposure and vulnerability to natural disasters. Seven major disasters have been triggered by natural hazards over the past three decades, causing loss of life and having a severe and adverse economic impact.

Climate change threatens to increase the frequency and severity of natural disasters in the Solomon Islands. Notably, in 2014, flash flooding in Guadalcanal Province was estimated to have displaced 10,000 people and caused damages and losses equivalent to 9 percent of the country’s GDP. Modelling predicts natural hazards and climate change will lead to an average direct loss of US$20.5 million — or 3 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) — annually for the next 50 years.