Sierra Leone

InterAction Member Activity Report: Sierra Leone No. 4/Aug 1999

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Posted
Originally published


A Guide to Humanitarian and Development Efforts of InterAction Member Agencies
A Guide to Advocacy, Development and Humanitarian Efforts of InterAction Member Agencies
Produced by the Disaster Response Unit of InterAction ®
American Council for Voluntary International Action
1717 Massachusetts Avenue N.W. #701,
Washington D.C. 20036
phone (202)667-8227 fax (202) 667-8236
http://www.interaction.org

Table of Contents

Maps
Background Information
Report Summary
Organizations by Sector
Glossary of Acronyms
Organization by Name
*Action Against Hunger
*Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Africare
Baptist World Aid
CARE
Catholic Relief Services-USCC
Christian Children’s Fund
Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
Direct Relief International
International Rescue Committee
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontièrs
OIC International
Trickle Up
US Committee for UNICEF
World Vision US

* Contain office and contact information for Sierra Leone and the US, but their programs are not detailed in this report. This information will be posted at a later date on the InterAction website, www.interaction.com/situation/index.html.

Background

Sierra Leone has been one of the most volatile countries in West Africa producing hundreds of thousands of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). A 1991 civil war launched by corporal Foday Sankoh and his Revolutionary United Front (RUF) triggered the first wave of refugees as 192,000 people fled to neighboring Guinea, 112,000 to Liberia and 4,000 to the Gambia. During the first part of 1997, Sierra Leone was on the verge of concluding the six-year civil war that had devastated and paralyzed huge portions of this small country. Living conditions for the average civilian had deteriorated so thoroughly that Sierra Leone dropped to the absolute bottom of the United Nations' Human Development Index.

The move towards peace began with the country's presidential election in February 1996 and the signing of a peace treaty between President Kabbah's government and the RUF in November 1996. These two events marked the first step towards the resettlement of the displaced civilians. Unfortunately, this entente was short-lived. On May 25, 1997, a military coup executed by the AFRC/RUF toppled President Kabbah’s government and unleashed a fresh round of violence in the already war-weary country. Kabbah went into exile in Guinea together with 50,000 of his countrymen and a further 10,000 sought safety in Liberia. Some of InterAction’s member agencies pulled out of Sierra Leone after the coup d’etat, while others reported either a scale-back of activities or a shift in emphasis from development to disaster relief work.

President Kabbah returned to power in March 1998, after troops belonging to ECOMOG chased the rebels out of the capital, Freetown. The guerrillas continued to cause widespread panic as they rampaged through the countryside looting, raping and maiming; and they forced an additional 255,000 people to cross into Guinea and Liberia. Though it has produced torrents of refugees, Sierra Leone is also a country of asylum. It hosts thousands of Liberian refugees.

UN agencies as well as private volunteer organizations were concerned with the campaign of terror by the rebels against innocent civilians (launched last year), presumably to dilute the public support for a democratically elected government. Hundreds have had their limbs or genitals chopped off, and many have suffered sexual abuse including rape. Another concern is the violation of the fundamental rights of the child. Thousands of young boys have been recruited as soldiers in what is essentially a war of attrition. Many Sierra Leonean children lack basic health care or education due to the devastation of the infrastructure. It must be noted that due to the advocacy work of certain NGOs, the media and governmental agencies became attentive to the brutalities of the rebels.

The recent signing of the Peace Accord on July 7, 1999 in Lome, Togo (which is the third since the insurgency) has once more raised hope for lasting peace in Sierra Leone. The accord has resulted in the release of abductees and collaborators by both parties and is gradually raising people’s confidence of what the future has in store for them. However, civilians still face hardships, including the lack of fresh food, water, and electricity, as well as displacement. Currently, it is estimated that up to a quarter of Sierra Leone’s 4.7 million people have fled their homes. The humanitarian community is just gaining access to much of rural Sierra Leone and finding very high malnutrition rates among the populace.

Background Information Sources: cnn.com/WORLD, www.unhcr.ch/, wwnotes.reliefweb.int/

Report Summary

This guide offers international agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the media, government offices, and the public an overview of the humanitarian assistance being provided to Sierra Leone by InterAction member agencies.

Sixteen InterAction member organizations currently conduct relief and development operations in Sierra Leone. Eleven sector areas are addressed in programming including: agriculture and food production; business development, cooperatives and credit; disaster and emergency relief; education/training; food distribution; health care; human rights/peace/conflict resolution; material aid; public health (including child survival)/sanitation; nutrition; and shelter and housing (see page iv for organizations listed by sector activity).

Humanitarian activities in Sierra Leone have been taking place in several diverse districts—Bo, Bonthe, Pujehun, Kenema, Kailahun, Moyamba, Tonkolili, Kabala, Karunko, Kambia, Kono. The NGOs in this report have presented the objectives for their projects in Sierra Leone, which include, but are not limited to: providing general humanitarian relief; reducing the effects of the civil war, particularly for children, women, the injured, and IDPs; promoting food security; rehabilitation; providing basic health care and sanitation; and education.

For a long time, organizations have been concerned with the constraints imposed on projects because of the insecurity for staff as a result of the war. However, the recent signing of the Peace Accord (July 7, 1999) has brought hope of expanding and increasing projects in Sierra Leone. The accord hopefully will result in staff being in a safer position, make the country more accessible, and improve living conditions for Sierra Leoneans..

Several NGOs support or work in coordination with local and international partners. Some of the organizations mentioned are: ACTIONAID; Association for Rural Development; Bonday Rural Development Association; Buaeh Small Farmers Association; CARITAS/ Sierra Leona; CAUSE CANADA; Christian Extension Services; Community Animation and Development Organization (CADO); CONCERN UNIVERSAL; Dorcas Aid International; Kenema Diocesan Health Care Office; Gangey Dwellers Self-Help Organization; Grassroots, Gender Empowerment Movement (GGEM); Integrated Rural Development Association; Malen Producers and Marketing Cooperative Society; Saint Joseph Fathers' Vocational Institute; UNAIDS; UNESCO; World Food Program; Yony Rural Bank. As for the Sierra Leonean government, the ministries mentioned are the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports; Ministry of Sanitation; Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender, and Children's Affairs; and Ministry of Health.

Organizations by Sector Activity

Agriculture and Food Production

Africare
CARE
Catholic Relief Services-USCC
Christian Children’s Fund
World Vision US

Business Development, Cooperatives, and Credit

Christian Children’s Fund
International Rescue Committee
Trickle Up
Disaster and Emergency Relief
Baptist World Aid
CARE
Catholic Relief Services-USCC

Education/Training

Catholic Relief Services-USCC
Christian Children’s Fund
International Rescue Committee
OIC International
US Committee for UNICEF

Food Distribution

CARE
Catholic Relief Service
Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
World Vision US

Health Care

Africare
CARE
Catholic Relief Services-USCC
Christian Children’s Fund
Direct Relief International
International Rescue Committee
Doctors Without Borders - MSF
United States Committee for UNICEF

Human Rights/Peace/Conflict Resolution

World Vision US

Material Aid

Baptist World Aid

Public Health (including Child Survival)/Sanitation

Africare
Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
Direct Relief International
United States Committee for UNICEF

Nutrition

Doctors Without Borders-MSF
US Committee for UNICEF
CARE

Shelter and Housing

Catholic Relief Services-USCC

Glossary of Acronyms

Acronym
InterAction Members

AAH/ACF: Action Against Hunger (formerly known as Action Contre le Faim)
ADRA: Adventist Development and Relief Agency
ARC: American Red Cross
BWAid: Baptist World Aid
CRS: Catholic Relief Services
CCF: Christian Children’s Fund
CRWRC": Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
IRC: International Rescue Committee
MSF: Doctors Without Borders/Medicines Sans Frontieres
OICI: OIC International
USC for UNICEF: United States Committee for UNICEF
WVUS: World Vision US

Other Acronyms
AFRC: Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
DFID : Department of International Development (UK)
ECOMOG: ECOWAS Military Observer Group
EU: European Union
IDP: Internally Displaced Person
MYES: Ministry of Youths, Education, and Sports (Sierra Leone government)
OFDA: Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
PTA: Parent Teacher Association
RH: Reproductive Health
RUF: Revolutionary United Front
SGBV: Sexual and Gender Based Violence
TBA: Traditional Birth Attendant
UN: United Nations
UNDP: United Nations Development Program
UNICEF: United Nation’s Children’s Fund
USAID: United States Agency for International Development
WFP: World Food Program (UN Agency)

Action Against Hunger (AAH-AICF/USA)

Overseas Office and Contact
Not Available
U.S. Office and Contact
Jean-Francois Vidal

Action Against Hunger
875 Sixth Avenue, suite 1905
New York, NY10001
Tel: (212) 967-7800 Fax: (212) 967- 5480
e-mail: jfvidal@aah.usa.org

Introduction to Action Against Hunger

Created in 1979 Action Against Hunger is a non-governmental, non-political, non-religious, and non-profit organization. AAH has four headquarters (France, the United Sates, the United Kingdom, and Spain) and is present in 38 countries around the world through programs of: nutrition, water and sanitation, food security, and health. Three hundred and fifty expatriates, along with 4,000 national staff are implementing those programs.

Action Against Hunger upholds six principles: independence, neutrality, non-discrimination, free and direct access to victims, professionalism, and transparency.

Action Against Hunger in Cambodia

*AAH has programs in Sierra Leone, but these are not detailed in this report. AAH program information will be available at a later date on the InterAction website, www.interaction/situation/index.html

Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)

website: www.adra.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Prince Cummings
Country Director
Adventist Development and Relief Agency
PO Box 294
Freetown Sierra Leone
20 Bathhurst Street
Freetown
Tel: (232) 228672 Fax: (232) 227571
e-mail: Adra-dri@sierratel.SL

U.S. Office and Contact
Michael Porter
Senior Grants Administrator

Adventist Development and Relief Agency
12501 Old Columbia Pike
Silver Springs, MD 20904
Tel: (301) 680-6380 Fax: (301) 680-6370
e-mail: 74617.3707@compuserve.com
General e-mail: 74617.1365@compuserve.com

Introduction to Adventist Development and Relief Agency

Adventist Development and Relief Agency works to improve the quality of life in developing countries through community development and provides immediate relief to disaster victims. As the humanitarian agency of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, ADRA fulfills these objectives without regard to race, political, or religious association.

Adventist Development and Relief Agency in Sierra Leone

*ADRA has programs in Sierra Leone, but these are not detailed in this report. ADRA program information will be available at a later date on the InterAction website, www.interaction/situation/index.html

Africare

website: www.africare.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Kerry Sly
Africare Representative

Mr. Harold Hanciles
Officer-in-Charge
64, Siaka Stevens Street
PMB 164 Freetown, Sierra Leone
Tel: 232-22-228455 (alternate 377- 98662291)
Fax: 232-22-228611
e-mail: kerrysly@hotmail.com

U.S. Office and Contact
Alan C. Alemian
Africare
440 R Street NW
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 462-3614 Fax: (202) 387-1034
e-mail: aalemian@africare.org
Gen.email:africare@f1104.n109.z1.fidonet.org

Introduction to Africare

Africare’s overall goal is to improve the quality of life in rural Africa. Africare pursues this goal through programs in food, water, health, the environment and emergency humanitarian aid as well as private-sector development and governance.

Africare in Sierra Leone

Africare is carrying out emergency relief activities to increase food security and reduce morbidity and mortality among a targeted 231,000 to 294,000 war-affected people in the Southern and Eastern Provinces of Sierra Leone. Africare’s assistance began in 1991, and has remained more or less continuous, but with temporary interruption at times of greatest insecurity. Africare’s work has been supported by grants from USAID/OFDA, UNDP, FAO, UNICEF and individual donors. The present OFDA grant of $830,000 began in January of 1999 and carries through December 1999. Africare has applied for additional funds to expand its work to areas newly accessible as a result of the July 1999 peace agreement between the RUF and the Government of Sierra Leone. Africare’s work in the agricultural and health sectors is as follows:

Health - Africare’s health staff are making basic curative, emergency referral and preventive health services available to up to 84,000 beneficiaries, with priority on serving children less than five years of age, pregnant and lactating women and other people seriously affected by the war. Health activities in the Southern Province are being carried out in one static clinic and one mobile clinic in the Pujehun District. The Eastern Province facilities consist of the RTI and Lebanese School Camp facilities in Kenema Township, and are being extended to clinics in Kailahun and Kenema Districts as these areas become more secure.

Agriculture - Africare’s crop planting inputs and technical support are targeted to reach an estimated 5,000 to 7,000 farm families for the planting of food crops in the 1999 agricultural season. Africare is delivering agricultural assistance in 6 chiefdoms in the Southern and Eastern Provinces: Koya, Lower Dama, Langurama, Niawa, Small Bo Blama IDP Camp, and Nongowa Lebanese IDP Camp

Baptist World Aid

website: www.bwanet.org/bwaid

Overseas Office and Contact
Rev. Moses Khanu
General Secretary
Baptist Convention of Sierra Leone (BCSL)
P.O. Box 300, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Fax: (232) (22) 24-1782
U.S. Office and Contact
Paul Montacute

Baptist World Aid
6733 Curran Street
McLean, VA 22101
Phone: (703) 790-8980 Fax: (703) 790-5719
e-mail: Bwaid@Bwanet.org
General e-mail: bwaid@baptistnet.org

Introduction to Baptist World Aid

Baptist World Aid works through Baptist communities around the world, mitigating suffering and providing long-range help for persons in need regardless of religion, nationality tribe, or class. BWAid assists in church rebuilding and importation of bibles. BWAid also helps poor people avoid situations of famine and malnourishment and also improve their capacity for self-help and wage earning.

Baptist World Aid in Sierra Leone

Since January 1999, BWAid has continued to support the Baptist community in Sierra Leone (BCSL) in its programs to bring immediate relief for those injured, mutilated or traumatized through the war. A part of this program was a post-war training workshop for children and young people.

Since January 1999, $21,500 has been sent to the BCSL for these purposes. BWAid always works with and through its Baptist constituency as they care for those in need.

BWAid is particularly concerned with the lack of security that is putting serious roadblocks in the way of peace and reconciliation and a return to normalcy for the people.

CARE

website: www.care.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Krishnan
Director

CARE Sierra Leone
22 Old Railway Station
P.O. Box 744
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Tel: (232-22) 240535
e-mail: CARESL@SIERRATEL.SL

U.S. Office and Contact
Jack Soldate
CARE
151 Ellis Street, NE
Atlanta, GA 30303-2439
Tel: (404) 681-2552 Fax: (404) 577-5977
General e-mail: info@care.org

Introduction to CARE

CARE is the largest non-profit, independent relief and development organization in the world. Through training programs as well as technical and material assistance CARE seeks to provide people with sustainable means to achieve self-sufficiency.

CARE in Sierra Leone

CARE has been operating programs in Sierra Leone since 1961. The current civil disorder has interrupted but not closed development projects in sanitation and watershed protection and development. With a grant from OFDA, CARE is providing hybrid rice seed and tools to returnees to expedite food production. This activity is also supported by DFID funds from Great Britain and from CARE in Norway. Other projects have received EU funding support. USAID Title II commodities and funding provide support for targeted food distribution in urban and rural areas. This is coordinated with parallel programs operated by Catholic Relief Services and World Vision. In July, 1998, a concentrated food distribution project was undertaken in Massingbi in the north, where particularly distressed internally displaced persons were arriving as they fled acts of terrorism by retreating rebels. Due to intense fighting, CARE’s projects were disrupted for about 7-months. However, following the recent accord between the government of Sierra Leone and RUF, large regions of the country have again become accessible, including Tonkolili where CARE staff in Port Loko is setting up work again. Projects:

Emergency Food Distribution - provides food to over 70,000 internally displaced persons in Moyamba, Bonthe and Tonkolili districts. Additionally, one-time food distributions have reached newly-returned households in the same districts, in order to fill the short-term food needs of farming families who are planting their fields. CARE staff share their technical expertise with other NGO staff in the areas of commodity management and accounting. Training of emergency workers outside CARE has helped ensure that needy Sierra Leoneans receive emergency food as rapidly as possible.

Productive Activities - this project has reached some 16,000 farming families in Bonthe, Moyamba and Tonkolili districts, providing basic tool kits and seeds so that households can resume their normal means of securing a livelihood. Seeds and cuttings of rice, peanut, cassava, sweet potato and vegetables were procured locally to exactly match the crops these families would normally cultivate; tool kits consisted of hoes, machetes, axes and knives crafted by local blacksmiths. Together, the tools and seeds are sufficient for families to feed themselves from their harvests, with a margin of surplus for sale. CARE staff provided technical assistance in agricultural techniques as needed, and helped communities to develop long-term seed supplies through on-farm production, farmer-to-farmer extension, and the establishment of village seed banks.

Water, Sanitation and Health Education Project (WATERSHED) - focuses on helping participants gain adequate access to clean water and to sanitation systems. During the course of the war, WATERSHED assisted internally displaced persons in camps with emergency water supply and sanitation; and responded to a serious cholera outbreak in the capital city in 1996 by supplying water and latrines and conducting a health education campaign. WATERSHED's major activities, however, remain at the community level, where CARE staff and villagers work together to identify problems affecting local health and hygiene. To date, WATERSHED participants have constructed or rehabilitated gravity-fed water systems, latrines and wells throughout Bonthe, Moyamba and Tonkolili districts. CARE Health Agents also work with community members, numbering well over 100,000, in creating and disseminating health education messages.

Guinea Emergency Project - Operating under the umbrella of the Sierra Leone office, CARE is the contracted partner for food distribution in refugee camps in remote Gueckedou, Guinea. Working under the UN High Commission for Refugees, CARE manages end-point (to families) food distribution to more than 300,000 Sierra Leonean refugees who fled to Guinea. CARE has an 8 person international team at Gueckedou. CARE is planning to turn this project over to a Guinea-based NGO by the end of 1999.

Catholic Relief Services-USCC (CRS)

website: www.catholicrelief.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Jim McLaughlin

Baika Sesay
CRS/Sierra Leone
8 Howe Street
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Tel: (232-22) 222159 Fax: (232-22) 222504
email: crs@sierratel.sl

U.S. Office and Contact
Carla Youngblood
Lynne Gilliland
Catholic Relief Services
209 West Fayette St.
Baltimore, MD 21201-3443
Tel: (410) 625-2220 ext.3431 Fax: (410) 234-2987
e-mail: cyoungblood@catholicrelief.org
General e-mail: crs@catholicrelief.org

Introduction to Catholic Relief Services

Catholic Relief Services is the official overseas relief and development agency of the Catholic Church in the United States. The fundamental motivating force of its work is the Gospel of Jesus Christ as it pertains to the alleviation of human suffering, the development of the people, and the fostering of charity and justice in the world. CRS assists persons on the basis of need, not creed, race or nationality.

Catholic Relief Services in Sierra Leone

CRS assists war-affected communities in Sierra Leone to improve their food security, health and shelter status, as well as their capacity to identify and address their rehabilitation priorities in a sustainable manner. Program duration is from January - December 1999.

Agriculture Recovery - the objective is to increase food availability and access through the rehabilitation of productive capacities of 8,000 farming families (48,000 total beneficiaries) in targeted rural communities. Activities include distribution of seeds and tools, development of community-based organizations, and promotion of drying floors.

Emergency Housing Reconstruction - the objective is to assist 670 households (9,880 total beneficiaries) in the Western area to reconstruct their burned houses. Activities include distribution of zinc, cement, nails, and rafters, as well as development of community-based organizations.

Emergency Health - the objective is to improve the health status and food utilization of 38,620 war-affected IDPs and returnees in targeted communities. Activities include support for 4 clinics, and promotion of preventative health measures, such as health education, ORT training, TBA training, wells, and latrines.

Community Education Initiatives - the objective is to encourage initiatives in 40 communities to establish and/or maintain quality formal and non-formal education institutions aimed at developing the potential of 6,000 at-risk youth. Activities include reconstruction assistance for school buildings, PTA development, and community support for schools.

Safety Net - the objective is to increase access to food for 32,500 vulnerable persons per month who are adversely affected by the war. Activities include distribution to vulnerable group, therapeutic feeding, and supplementary feeding rations.
CRS is working in Sierra Leone with Caritas/Sierra Leone, Kenema Diocesan Health Care Office, St. Joseph Fathers' Vocational Institute, and Caritas Makeni. Funding has come from USAID/Food for Peace, USAID/OFDA, Bilance, Catholic Mission Medical Board, UNICEF. CRS/Sierra Leone is particularly concerned with constraints on the projects because of the insecurity arising from the civil war between the government and the RUF rebels.

Christian Children’s Fund (CCF)

website: www.christianchildrensfund.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Davidson Jonah
Christian Children’s Fund
25 M Byrne Lane
OFF Aberdeen Ferry Road
Private Mall Bag 910 (for general mail)
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Tel: (232 22) 223-873 Fax: (232 22) 229-365
e-mail: ccf@sierratel.sl

U.S. Office and Contact
Christian Children’s Fund
2821 Emerywood ParkwayPO Box 26484
Richmond, VA 23261-6484
Tel: (804) 756-2700 Fax: (804) 756-2718
General e-mail: sheph@ccfusa.org

Introduction to Christian Children’s Fund

Christian Children’s Fund is a humanitarian, international, non-profit, non-sectarian organization working for the survival, protection, and development of children without regard to race, creed, sex, or religious affiliation. Its mission is to serve the needs of children worldwide - primarily through person-to-person programs, in the context of family and community, and using a developmental approach through national and local partners.

Christian Children’s Fund in Sierra Leone

Prior to the signing of the July 7, 1999 Peace Accord, CCF’s program office undertook rapid assessment activities which formed the basis for program implementation in relatively safe areas in activities such as training in trauma counseling, psychosocial care delivery, relief assistance to internally displaced persons, small enterprise development for women’s programs, non-formal primary education, and food security in youth programs.

Currently, CCF is concerned that collaboration is maintained with partners. The improvement in the security situation and the recent signing of the Peace Accord may once more open up opportunities to implement SED programs initially assessed but not implemented due to the deteriorating security situation.

Psychosocial Care Delivery ( Direct Intervention and Training) - the program is located in the Western area and Eastern region. Its duration is to be two years. The goal is to reduce psychosocial stresses associated with the war.
Its objectives include:

Promoting the healing of wounds associated with abduction, displacement, property destruction and other stressors
Assisting in the social reintegration of demobilized child soldiers and abducted children
Increasing local capacities for healing and social integration

Current activities include:

Training and sensitization of caregivers and communities
Direct psychosocial intervention
Peace education and healing
Beneficiaries are demobilized ex-combatants, ex-abducted children, rape victims, amputees, war wounded, institutions (eg. hospitals), teachers, inmates of internally displaced camps in the city and environs, and direct and mobile counseling.

Funding is provided by NSP and agencies requesting training as well as from resource sharing. CCF has been working the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Adventist Development Relief Agency (ADRA), Concern Universal, Cause Canada, Child Protection Committee (CPCOM) members, and the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affair.

Small Enterprise Development - is located in the Western Area and CCF’s operational areas in two chiefdoms in the north (Kaffu Bullom and Lokomassama) and has a duration of two years. The program goal is to rebuild economic activity in communities affected by violence, destruction and displacement.

Its objectives are:

To activate community income generating activities especially for women’s group and youth

Currently its activities include:

  • Identification of activities
  • Group formation
  • Training in small enterprise development and management
  • Preparation of loan documents
  • Completion of loan documents
  • Disbursement of loan and materials

The beneficiaries are 460 women, who are in 40 groups. Funding is provided by the Social Action for Poverty Alleviation (SAPA). CCF has been working locally with the Grassroot Gender Empowerment Movement (GGEM)

Youth Program - Food Security - is located in CCF’s operational areas in two chiefdoms in the north (Kaffu Bullom and Lokomassama), and has a duration of two years. The goal is to rebuild economic activity in communities affected by violence, destruction and displacement.

Its objectives are:

  • To help restore and improve agricultural production
  • To facilitate appropriate job-training for youths
  • Current activities include:
  • Identification of activities
  • Group formation
  • Training in animal husbandry
  • Provision of seeds, tools and fertilizers
  • Proposal submitted for fishing

The beneficiaries are 30 youth groups for a total of 300 youths. Funding is provided by Non Sponsorship fund (NSP). CCF works locally with the Ministry of Education Youths and Sports.

Education - Non Formal Primary Education (NFPE) - is located in CCF’s operational areas in two chiefdoms in the north, and has a first phase duration of three years. The goal is to strengthen and rehabilitate non formal education at the community level.

The objectives include:

  • To assist with the reactivation of NFPE programs in 40 centers in Kaffu Bullom and Lokomassama Chiefdoms by August, 1999
  • To provide refresher training courses for 105 facilitators in NFPE programs in Kaffu Bullom and Lokomassama chiefdoms by August, 1999

Current activities include:
  • Reassessment meetings in CCF’s operational areas in Kaffu Bullom and Lokomassama chiefdom
  • Collaborate with UNICEF for the reactivation of the 40 centers
  • Rehabilitation of the 40 centers
  • Re-registration of children enrolled in NFPE
  • Provision of learning and teaching materials by UNICEF
  • Restart learning
  • Refresher course by the People’s Educational Association (PEA)
  • Monitoring and supervision
  • Honoraria for facilitators
  • Facilitate from benefiting from SED programs for tuition because communities are to impoverished to provide community levies
  • The beneficiaries are 2,629 children. Funding is provided by NSP. CCF local partners are the Ministry of Education Youths and Sports, PEA, and UNICEF

Relief - Non food items - is located in the Western area, and has a duration of three months. Its goal is to provide non-food items relief assistance to internally displaced persons affected by the war. The objective is to provide assistance to 30,000 IDPs in various camp locations in the Freetown municipality by February, 1999. Current activities include:
  • Contacting suppliers
  • Identifying relief supplying agencies
  • Procurement and handing over of relief materials for supply to beneficiaries
  • Monitoring of supply services
  • Documentation

The beneficiaries are over 30,000 IDPs, the children’s ward at the Connaught Hospital, the health task force at national stadium, and other camps. Funding is provided by NSP. CCF has been working locally with the Council of Churches Sierra Leone (CCSL) and local NGOs that requested assistance.

Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC)

website: www.crcna.org/cr/crmn/crmnwrxx.htm

Overseas Office and Contact
Not Available

U.S. Office and Contact
Karl Westerhof

Christian Reformed World Relief Committee
2850 Kalamazoo Ave. SE
Grand Rapids, MI 49560-0600
Tel: (616) 224-5876, 224-0741
Fax: (616) 224-0806, 224-0834
e-mail: westerhk@crcna.org
general e-mail: medenow@crcna.org

Introduction to Christian Reformed World Relief Committee

On behalf of the Christian Reformed Church in North America and other supporters Christian Reformed World Relief Committee’s mission is:

  • to assist the poor towards self-sufficiency via community development activities in agriculture, micro-enterprise,
  • community-based health care, and adult literacy by providing training to the community in five skill areas: technical in aforementioned sectors, management, finance, community ownership, and holistic ministry.
  • to build the capacity of local and national development-related institutions through management consultation and leadership training.
  • to provide emergency relief in regional and national disasters.

Christian Reformed World Relief Committee in Sierra Leone

CRWRC, through the Canadian Foodgrains Bank has shipped over 600 tons of food staples into Freetown for distribution among internally displaced people. CRWRC is also gathering goods together which it hopes to use when it returns to the Karunko region.

CRWRC’s Dutch partner, Dorcas Aid International, has just shipped one full container of non-food relief items to its local partner, Christian Extension Services.

CRWRC is also working with two partners on peace and reconciliation planning. As soon as Kabala/Karunko is stable enough to return, CRWRC will be going into the 50 villages where its partners have worked before. It will be performing needs assessments and planning Food for Work activities to rehabilitate those communities. The projects will include rebuilding clinics, repairing homes, and agricultural restoration.

Direct Relief International

website: www.directrelief.org

Overseas Office and Contact
None
U.S. Office and Contact
Katherine Poma

Direct Relief International
27 S La Pataro Ln.
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Tel: (805) 964-4767 Fax: (805) 681-4838
e-mail: kpoma@directrelief.org

Introduction to Direct Relief International

The mission of Direct Relief International is to provide appropriate assistance to health institutions which serve the poor and victims of natural and civil disasters, without regard to political affiliation, religious belief , ethnic identity or ability to pay. By directing medical donations and technical training to indigenous health facilities and health projects in medically underserved areas of the world, Direct Relief International strives to promote self-help and self-sufficiency.

Direct Relief International in Sierra Leone

Direct Relief International has recently replied to a request from a Sierra Leone NGO to provide them with basic pharmaceuticals and medical supplies. A donation of 491 pounds of analgesics, antibiotics, syringes, bandages, surgical instruments and other medical necessities is being used to provide care to internally displaced people currently inside Freetown.

International Rescue Committee

website: www.intrescom.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Kelly Macdonald

Emergency Coordinator
International Rescue Comittee
38 Main Motor Road
Wilberforce, Freetown
Sierra Leone
Satellite Tel: 871-761-481-832
Tel: 232-22-232-230 Fax: 232-22-230-810
via Kelly’s computer in USA: 707-222-7782
e-mail: kellyirc@sierratel.sl

U.S. Office and Contact
Holly Groom
Program Specialist and

Sue Dwyer
Regional Director, West Africa
International Rescue Committee
122 East 42nd Street, 12th Floor
New York, NY, 10168-1289
Tel: (212) 551-3000 Fax: (212) 551-3185
e-mail: holly@intrescom.org
e-mail: sue@intrescom.org
General e-mail: ircdc@igc.apc.org

Introduction to International Rescue Committee

International Rescue Committee provides emergency relief, public health, medical, and educational services to refugees and displaced persons abroad. Through reconstruction and rehabilitation projects, IRC assists in the repatriation of refugees to their home countries, provides resettlement services for refugees in the United States and advocates on behalf of refugees, especially refugee women and children.

International Rescue Committee in Sierra Leone

Refugees - IRC’s program in Sierra Leone will provide services until refugees and IDPs who want to go home have returned home. Current funding is for one fiscal year from Oct 1, 1999 to Sept 30, 2000. The program is based in Freetown, although the main interest for IRC will be the Southern Province from Bo to Kenema and from Bo to Pujehun and the coastal area. Through its objectives IRC strives to reach its goal - to assist the refugee and displaced Sierra Leoneans to return safely to their places of origin. The objectives are:

  • To provide children in IDP centers around Freetown with structured non-formal education activities.
  • To provide children in IDP centers in Freetown and in two provincial cities a program incorporating education, recreation and healing as part of the Child Protection Programme.
  • To assist victims of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) and to provide Reproductive Health (RH) services to IDP and host populations around Freetown.
  • To duplicate the above services in the Southern Province as soon as access allows.
  • To implement a formal education project with the Ministry of Education based on the experience and expertise IRC acquired with its education projects in Guinea and in Liberia.
  • To give economic opportunities to returnees by either restarting pre-existing activities such as fisheries, or by supporting new activities that are necessary to address new needs resulting from the conflict.

Currently, IRC-Sierra Leone is implementing a non-formal education project benefiting children in IDP centers in Freetown. IRC-SL is also implementing a grant for RH, SGBV and Child Protection both in and around Freetown. The IRC-SL non-formal education project targets 3,000 to 6,000 child beneficiaries ages 6 to 18 and employs one expatriate staff. Additional staff support is provided by the communities. The IRC-SL RH & SGBV project targets up to 10,000 women. It is supported by one expatriate staffer and a core of national staff and volunteers. The IRC-SL Child Protection Program is being implemented in 6 IDP centers.

Both projects are being implemented in cooperation with the Sierra Leonean government. In addition, IRC-SL is identifying and enrolling local community groups that are not necessarily formally constituted due to the displacement IRC’s beneficiaries have experienced during recent months. The enrollment of the beneficiaries in the implementation of the project is a key feature of IRC-SL projects. Negotiations with donors are ongoing and may result in grants being awarded in support of the sectors mentioned above. However, the majority of funding is provided from IRC resources.

Security is the greatest concern regarding implementation. The destruction of infrastructure and the interruption of business activities make logistics more challenging. The rainy season, which must be taken into account for planning purposes, is also slowing project implementation. Finally, the success and sustainability of the peace process will determine the level of return of refugees and the availability of funding to assist these returnees.

Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontierès

website: www.doctorswithoutborders.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Not Available.

U.S. Office and Contact
Antoine Gerard
Program Director

Barbara Kancelbaum
Communications Director

Doctors Without Borders/MSF
6 East 39th Street, 8th Floor
New York, NY 10016
Tel: (212) 679-6800 Fax: (212) 679-7016
e-mail: antoine_gerard@newyork.msf.org
e-mail:barbara_kancelbaum@newyork.msf.org general e-mail: doctors@newyork.msf.org

Introduction to Doctors Without Borders/MSF

Doctors Without Borders (known internationally as Médecins Sans Frontierès or MSF) delivers emergency medical relief to populations threatened by war, civil strife, epidemics, or natural disasters. A private, non-profit humanitarian organization, Doctors Without Borders was founded in 1971 by a small group of French doctors determined to respond rapidly and effectively to public health emergencies, with complete independence from political, economic, or religious powers.

Doctors Without Borders/MSF in Sierra Leone

Doctors Without Borders/MSF teams are currently providing medical assistance to the civilian population in Freetown, and depending on the ever-changing security situation, in Bo, Kenema and other locations. Since the coup d'etat in May 1997, MSF has run a surgical programme at Connaught Hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone's capital, for war-related cases. MSF is protesting strongly against the particularly cruel methods of targeting of civilians. Not even children are spared from mutilation. MSF no longer carries out surgical operations in the hospital as there are now seven in-house surgeons. The team is focusing on the training of anesthetists and surgical nurses in pre and post-operative care. MSF provides medical support to two government run clinics which service a wide target population. MSF also runs four other clinics in Freetown. The focus here is on supervision of health care assistance and staff training. The clinics cater to the poor and the displaced.

In the southern province, MSF is providing support in six clinics and the district hospital in Pujehun, eight clinics and the district hospital in Bo, and two clinics in Bonthe. Teams are about to start working in Bonthe's Matru Hospital. The teams are currently based in Pujehun and Bo. MSF has been, and continues to be, involved in the rehabilitation of many of these structures. All of these clinics function with both ministry of health staff and MSF support. In the spring of 1998, MSF began to reduce its involvement in the actual running and management of Bo Hospital to concentrate on providing medical supplies, basic logistics, financial incentives to staff and training for maintenance staff. Financial incentives are essential in a situation in which staff receive little or no salary. A cost recovery scheme has been initiated and a management committee set up. A cholera camp is also maintained in Bo.

MSF gives logistical support and provides financial incentives to staff in an effort to restart infectious disease control programs in most areas of Southern province where it had been suspended for over a year. MSF also offers support to the district medical authorities (in the area of supervision, management, etc.)

An MSF team is currently evaluating the situation in Moyamba, a district which lies to the south of the capital Freetown. MSF would also like to be able to carry out a proper evaluation of needs in the isolated and war-torn areas of Makeni and Magburaka but unfortunately insecurity is such that for the time being a proper evaluation has not been carried out.

MSF has been working in Kambia District (Northern province of Sierra Leone) since February 1997 when it responded to a measles outbreak. During the subsequent vaccination campaign that reached 62,000 children (coverage rate 82%), MSF witnessed more humanitarian needs in the district. A cholera prevention and preparedness program was instituted which ran until the coup in May 1997, which temporarily stopped it for two months. A nutritional survey in August 1997 showed worrying signs of malnutrition and a feeding program was therefore started. General security in the district has been fluctuating, which has caused constraints on accessibility for mothers to the feeding centers and the possibility for expatriates to remain permanently in the field. Finally in February 1999, following months of rumors and instability, the rebels invaded the town of Kambia forcing the expatriates to leave once more and the population to flee. Currently there are an estimated 20 000 displaced within Samu Chiefdom in Kambia district, many of whom have lost all their possessions. The original population has supported the displaced, thus straining already limited resources in the area.

Due to the difficulty in accessing the area, MSF has closed down the feeding programmes but has continued to support Ministry of Health clinics and monitoring of the nutritional status of the under-five population in the district. All severely malnourished children as well as those people requiring emergency surgery are transported to Freetown for treatment by MSF. MSF has 20 expatriate aid workers in Sierra Leone.

OIC International (OICI)

website: www.oicinternationl.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Samuel J. M. Maligi II
Executive Director
SLOIC National Office
Cline Town, P.M.B. 388
Freetown, Sierra Leone

Tel: (232)(22) 251923 Fax: (232)(22) 251933
e-mail: Samligi@Sierratel.sl

U.S. Office and Contact
Reginald Hodges
Vice President Education Employment
OIC International
240 W. Tulpehocken St.
Philadelphia, PA 19144-3295

Tel: 215 842 0220 ext.199 Fax 215 849 7033
e-mail: rhodges@icdc.com

Introduction to OIC International

The mission of OIC International is to improve lives in developing countries through training and sustainable organizational development.

OIC International in Sierra Leone

Prior to the recent conflict OIC Sierra Leone (SLOIC), an independent affiliate of OICI, operated skill training and small business development programs in Freetown, Makeni, Bo and Matru Jong. The goals of the programs were in training for job placement and job creation for disadvantaged individuals not being served by traditional education systems. In addition, special programs served war victims (the internally displaced, widows of soldiers killed during the war and former combatants). Training augmented by counseling services lasted between one and ten months depending on the area of training (building skills, sewing, welding, traditional/functional crafts, small business development, gardening etc.). SLOIC has operated in Sierra Leone as an affiliate of OICI since 1976. Makeni and Matru Jong Centers closed after the May 1997 coup and looting of SLOIC facilities. Freetown and Bo remained open but at reduced levels with a primary focus on victims of war. Many SLOIC staff sought refuge in Guinea.

Currently, no formal training activities are taking place. The Freetown SLOIC compound currently houses about 5000 displaced persons from Kissy (area burned in RUF January 1999 attack on Freetown). The SLOIC Freetown compound, as a displaced persons camp is being run by CARE with SLOIC staff assisting CARE with feeding and other relief activities. OIC Sierra Leone has applied for funding assistance from the European Union.

SLOIC has a total local staff of about 200, but most are dispersed and not working. SLOIC has the capacity to train 2,500 to 3,000 persons per year in skills needed to resettle, start basic agriculture production and begin rebuilding their communities (schools, clinics and other social infrastructure). Approximately 100 people (displaced in Freetown) are currently receiving informal training in carpentry and masonry by SLOIC staff.

Funding prior to the coup was provided by: a) USAID; b) Government of Sierra Leone; c) UNDP; and d) local income generation. Total operating budget was approximately $450,000. At the present, all funding has ceased. Local partners include the Ministry of Education and UNDP.

The security situation is a concern but one that can be dealt with. OICI is very concerned about the lack of attention given to Sierra Leone and the limited amount of resources being committed by donors for recovery, conflict resolution and rehabilitation. OIC International remains firmly committed to assisting SLOIC and Sierra Leone through the current transition.

Trickle Up

website: www.trickleup.org

Overseas Office and Contact
National Forum of Trickle Up Coordinators (NAFTUP)
Rev. Michael Samura, Chairman

Bernard Conteh-Barrat, National Coordinator
c/o OREINT Office
48 Wellington Street
Freetown

Tel: (232)(22) 224948 Fax: (232)(22) 224439
E-mail: bernardconbarrat@hotmail.com

U.S. Office and Contact
Eugene Katzin
Senior Program Associate for Africa
Trickle Up Program
121 West 27th Street Suite 504
New York, NY 10001-6207

Tel: (212) 362-7958 Fax: (212) 877-7464
E-mail: africa@trickleup.org

Introduction to Trickle Up

Trickle Up Program’s Mission is to reduce poverty by assisting the poor, especially those living within countries undergoing crisis. By providing basic business training and seed capital in the form of conditional grants, Trickle Up helps people affected by famine, natural disasters, or war.

Trickle Up in Sierra Leone

The Trickle Up’s program provides US $100 conditional grants in two US $50-installments to groups of three or more low-income people who want to organize and start their own micro-enterprises. Groups must agree to create a business that will allow them to work at least 250 hours in three months, and reinvest 20% of their profits back into the enterprise. Trickle Up utilizes local field based coordinating agencies to evaluate each enterprise’s viability, to administer grants and to periodically monitor the businesses progress. Coordinators are typically indigenous NGOs, church groups or United Nations Volunteers. By integrating its efforts with local coordinators who are already working with the poor, Trickle Up helps ensure that vulnerable groups are being reached even during crises.

Micro-Enterprise Program - started in 1985, in an effort to alleviate the worst effects of war on civilians in Sierra Leone. Trickle Up entrepreneurs engage in a variety of businesses, such as growing and selling vegetables, making clothes, processing food, and buying and selling basic provisions. Since 1985, 3,200 businesses have been started in Sierra Leone. In 1998 alone, Trickle Up helped start or expand 483 businesses in the country. In 1999, despite the outbreak of violence, 231 businesses started in the first part of the year. Of the ventures that submitted Business Reports in 1998-1999, 90% reported the Trickle Up business as their main source of income.

National Forum for Trickle Up Coordinators - created in November 1998 by Trickle Up partner agencies in Sierra Leone. The Forum facilitates information sharing and promotes cooperation among the Trickle Up Coordinators. The Forum, acting as a unified and well-organized association, serves to strengthen the impact of the Trickle Up Program and increase its effectiveness. During the events in January, the Forum facilitated easier communication between New York and the partner agencies through its office in Freetown.

Funding: the portion of grant money spent in Sierra Leone since 1985 is US $320,000. It was US $48,300 in 1998. Income sources are the following: corporations 5%, individuals 36%, organizations 6%, foundations 52%, interest and dividends 1% (from Annual Report 1998)

The number of active partner agencies in 1998/1999 is 22. Trickle Up works with qualified, reliable NGOs that demonstrate the capacity to implement the program in needy areas throughout Africa. Rather than duplicate administration and overhead costs, Trickle Up relies on the volunteer services of staff from agencies that are already carrying out development work. In this way, Trickle Up maximizes its resources, strengthens the capacity of indigenous partners, and gains useful insight into Sierra Leone’s development. The following is a list of agencies which have been working with Trickle Up for over five years:

(1) Albert Margai Institute of Design, Crafts, and Appropriate Technology

(2) Association for Rural Development

(3) Bonday Rural Development Association

(4) Bureh Small Farmers Association

(5) Boys’ Society of Sierra Leon

(6) Jangey Dwellers Self-Help Organization
(7) Malen Producers and Marketing Cooperative Society

(8) Organization for Research and Extension of Intermediate Technology

(9) Integrated Rural Development Association

(10) World Food Programme

(11) Youth Development Association

(12) Yoni Rural Bank.

Apart from the difficulties caused by the events last January, the main obstacle to program implementation has been the failure of the postal system. Despite the delays, coordinating agencies have continued their activities and the demand for program assistance is higher than ever. Trickle Up manages to route its correspondence through UNDP Guinea when the post is not functioning and also communicates by phone and fax. Security is not an issue as the partners been working throughout the turmoil, although a Trickle Up field visit planned for Summer 1999 had to be canceled for safety reasons.

United States Committee for UNICEF

website: www.unicef.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Representative UNICEF
P.O. Box 221
Freetown, Sierra Leone

Tel: (232-22) 226825 Fax: (232-22) 242109

U.S. Office and Contact
Chris Bahringer
Public Information Office
U.S. Committee for UNICEF
333 East 38th Street
New York, NY 10016

Tel: (212) 686-5522 Fax:
e-mail: cbahringer@unicefusa.org
General e-mail: information@unicefusa.org

Introduction to UNICEF

The U.S. Committee for UNICEF works for the survival, protection, development of children worldwide through education, advocacy, and fund-raising.

UNICEF in Sierra Leone

For 1999, over $7.7 million has been requested for programs in Sierra Leone. UNICEF has been working in various programs in Sierra Leone with the Ministries of Health and Sanitation, the Government of Sierra Leone, UNAIDS, UNFPA, UNESCO, WFP, MYES, and local NGO’s including women’s groups and development agencies. UNICEF programs include primary health care and immunization, nutrition, water and sanitation, basic education, and child protection. All programs are designed to reach the hundreds of thousands of women and children internally displaced in Sierra Leone due to the seven years of intense conflict.

Primary Health Care and Immunization - To reach 1.5 million displaced women and children with essential medicines, basic medical equipment, and vaccines. Provide training to 30 peripheral health units and support for emergency obstetric care in five districts to increase treatment and services for women and children.

Nutrition - To reach 35,000 malnourished children under five and 10,000 pregnant and lactating women with 72 metric tons of high-energy biscuits, feeding kits for hospitals, as well as training for 226 health care workers.

Water and Sanitation- To protect 100,000 people from cholera and other water-borne diseases by providing material and technical support for the repair of 200 water wells and constructing 1,000 latrines, 300 hand-pumps, and 40 large diameter wells. Training and teaching of basic hygiene education and to chlorinate water.

Basic Education - To provide for 200,000 children educational activities and psychosocial trauma counseling. This includes provision of educational and recreational materials, printing of primary textbooks, training for 3,000 teachers and administration staff, basic education and life skills training for 5,000 adolescents, particularly former child soldiers.

Child Protection - To reunite 4,000 children with their families through advocacy, social mobilization and registration, tracing and reunification programs, in addition to interim and long-term care for children who remain separated from their families.

World Vision US (WVUS)

website: www.wvi.xc.org

Overseas Office and Contact
Tim Andrews
Office in Conakry
BP: 3233 RD Rue DI-016
Cameroun, Conakry
Guinea

Tel: 232-22-230385 or 232488
e-mail: Tim_Andrews@wvi.org

U.S. Office and Contact
Ben Hoskins
World Vision US
220 I Street NE
Washington, DC 20002

Tel: 202-547-3743 or 608-1853
email: bhoskins@worldvision.org
Introduction to World Vision US

WVUS aims to achieve successful long-term transformation of human lives through effective implementation of emergency relief, rehabilitation and sustainable development programs through out the world.

World Vision US in Sierra Leone:

WVUS started working in Sierra Leone in 1996. The main thrust of its program is food security. Current WV programs in Sierra Leone are as follows:

Agricultural Recovery Program (ARP )- in the Kono District of Sierra Leone. Duration of the program is from November 1997 - November 1999. The goal of World Vision's Emergency Agricultural Recovery Program is to rapidly improve food security in the Eastern and Southern Provinces of Sierra Leone through increased food production and support to the agricultural sector. Currently it has been supplemented with food aid to further immediate relief. Objectives include:

  • To increase average rice yields among target populations in Kono District and three districts of the Southern Province.
  • To strengthen the capacity of a network of community-based extension workers to provide timely and effective agricultural extension services to the target farming families.
  • To assist the ARP target population to mitigate against the risks and uncertainties of agricultural production by diversifying their resource base through involvement in other productive endeavors.
  • Current activities include 12,555 farm families that receive emergency support, providing seeds and tools to 14,055 farm families, as well as providing technical assistance to 30,869 farm families. Funding comes primarily from OFDA. The program dollar value is $1,989,568

Food for Peace program - located in the Kono, Bo, Pujehun, and Bonthe districts. The duration of the program is from Sept. 1998 - Dec. 1999. Program dollar value: $6,350,000 for Jan. to Dec. of 1999. The goal of Food for Peace is to meet the emergency needs of affected populations in the immediate to short-term and to address the longer- term constraints associated with household food security among 239,975 people in Bo, Bonthe, Kono and Pujehun. Objectives include:
  • To maintain an emergency response capacity
  • To increase food availability at the household level
  • To improve the sustainability of food production systems

Food for Work - helps people rebuild their houses, and providing food in 16 chiefdoms of Bo, Bonthe and Pujahun in all five feeding categories. This program benefits 144,164 beneficiaries. One of its primary concerns is the difficulty in determining distribution because of the war. Currently a lot of food aid has been diverted to Wellington. In Freetown 6,000 buildings were destroyed, of which over 60% were completely burned down. World Vision has repaired 300 homes and plans to continue a program in Wellington for a 16 week period.

Office of Transition Initiatives - Transition to Peace -its duration is from Jan. 1997- June 1999. The Office of Transition Initiatives (USAID) is the source of funding for the program whose dollar value is $2,102,937. The program’s goal is to alleviate human suffering in disaster situations and establish a basis for longer term development assistance through an integrated program addressing household food security, civil society and youth empowerment, protection of human rights, reconciliation and building of peace among vulnerable populations in the WVSL operational areas in Sierra Leone. A special concern is for the maximum participation in negotiated peace by civil society.

The funding helped civil society representatives attend peace negotiations in Togo. Funding is also provided to local civilian groups for general assistance, specific projects, special events, purchase of promotional/educational radio spots, and a set of desk-top publishing equipment. WV interacts with local civilian groups on project design implementation and reporting. Groups receiving funding are supervised and monitored. There is also collaboration with OTI and other implementing partners through regular meetings.

A committee has been put together comprised of UNICEF, World Vision, Community Animation and Development Organization (CADO), ACTIONAID, the Ministry of Youths, Education and Sports (MYES), the Ministry of Information, Communication and Culture, the Ministry of Health and Social Services (Health Education Division), Youth Representation and Inter-Religious Council Representation. This committee is responsible for quality control, advocacy, resource mobilization, exploration of options and opportunities etc.