A multitude of needs assessments have been conducted to capture impacts of the Ebola outbreak on affected communities, since March 2014. This paper reviews all of the assessments on Liberia and Sierra Leone made available to the Ebola Needs Analysis Project (ENAP), between December 2014 and 20 March 2015. Several assessments have been conducted at a regional level. This report focuses only on those conducted on a national level or lower, to allow for disaggregation of results. The review aims to inform the humanitarian response and future assessments, by identifying what information exists and where information gaps remain.
Food, education and health are the most commonly covered sectors. Of the 105 assessments reviewed (44 in Liberia and 61 in Sierra Leone), over 80 covered existing needs in these sectors. There are only a limited number of assessments covering nutrition and protection, due to the particular risks, such as transmission through physical contact, and sensitivities of collecting such information during the EVD outbreak.
To avoid the risks associated with deploying assessment teams to areas with high EVD transmission rates, actors have explored alternative ways of collecting data. A significant number of assessments (35 out of 105) have taken place remotely, using SMS or phone based surveys. Key informant (KI) assessment is the most common approach. This allows a large number of people to be assessed with a relatively small field presence.