A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
From 16 to 17 April 2014 intense rainfalls followed with moderate snowfalls at higher altitudes affected the western, eastern and southern parts of Serbia resulting in power losses and, in some places, traffic interruptions due to the collapsed road infrastructure in several villages. Starting from 18 April, the temperatures increased and caused the snow to melt rapidly in some lower areas. That had an impact on the river levels, with some smaller rivers and their creeks spilling over settlements in places close to the river beds. The situation was the most critical in the municipalities of Lučani and Kuršumlija. In Lučani, around 50 families were endangered by the increasing levels of river Bjelica, and one of the roads leading to Lučani was disconnected because of floods. On 19 April, conditions got worse, and an emergency situation was declared in a few municipalities as the river levels grew above the normal defence levels.
On 26 April 2014, in some parts of the city of Zajecar, water was declared as not suitable for drinking. Also, in the municipality of Zagubica in the water source “Belosavac”, and municipality of Gadzin Han in the water source “Gornji Dusnik” water was declared as not suitable for drinking. The situation was the most serious in Prokuplje, Zaječar, Žitoradja, Kuršumlija and Doljevac. 12 municipalities declared a state of emergency. All of them were endangered by the weather conditions that led to fast snow melting and more rainfalls which in return had an effect on the water levels on the rivers and on the people living in the nearby communities. Several landslides occurred but luckily not affected any households.