The United Nations Mission in Kosovo
(UNMIK) is the first mission of its kind. It is unique in its complexity
and comprehensiveness incorporating various international organisations.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Mission in Kosovo,
is the lead organization for the institution-building tasks of UNMIK. Six
months into the mission, the OSCE Mission in Kosovo has established itself
as an important pillar of UNMIK. It has set up 15 field offices and five
regional centres around Kosovo. The OSCE receives contributions and expertise
from other international organizations, such as the Council of Europe and
other OSCE missions in the region. The mission has built up to more than
450 international and more than 1,000 local staff members by the end of
- Political Party Service Centre opened
- First Regional Political Round Table
discussions in Pristina and Pec.
- NGO Council of local NGOs established.
- Joint introduction courses with UN Civil
Administration for UN local administrators.
- Guidelines for NGO Registration published
and training for NGOs of Registration Procedures carried out.
- First NGO Resource Center opened in
- First multi-ethnic Women's Conference
- Roma Conference held.
Political Party Service Centre in Pristina opened on 6 October 1999. The
purpose of the Centre is to promote the development of mature, democratic
political parties in Kosovo. The Centre currently provides offices for
13 political parties and one coalition. Preparations are under way for
the opening of similar Centres in the regions. Besides working with political
parties, the OSCE has cultivated contacts with a wide range of representatives
of NGOs and other members of civil society in Kosovo. A development program
for local NGOs is in place, which includes material and logistical support
as well as capacity building and the improvement of fund-raising abilities
through the logistical basis of the NGO Resource Centres with specific
emphasis on women's groups, the handicapped and youth groups.
- Two major human rights reports (As Seen,
As Told, Part I and Part II) were published.
- International human rights conference,
10 - 11 December.
- Launched human rights awareness campaign.
- Five Roundtables on the Convention on
the Rights of the Child.
- Extensive documentation compiled of
alleged crimes committed against the local communities. These documents
will assist in subsequent investigations.
- Intensive co-ordination with UNHCR,
ICRC and UNHCHR.
- Human rights officers reporting on the
human rights situation in all municipalities.
6 December 1999, the OSCE published two important human rights reports.
The first report covers the period from October 1998 to June 1999, the
second report covers the period June up to and including October 1999.
Both reports include accounts of violations of human rights reported to
OSCE. Furthermore, the OSCE has substantially contributed to two reports
on minorities issued by the UNHCR. On 10 and 11 December, OSCE co-hosted
an International Human Rights Conference in Pristina. Hundreds of national
and international guests attended the conference, which was prepared in
close co-ordination with the Office of the UN Special Representative of
the Secretary General, UNHCR, Council of Europe and other local and international
Rule of Law
- Monitoring the courts of Kosovo.
- Providing active input in selection
of judges and prosecutors and training the appointees.
- Preparing a Kosovo Rule of Law and Human
- Providing assistance and support to
the Pristina Law School.
- Preparations for an Ombudsman's Office
together with other international partners.
- Material support to courts
OSCE Mission in Kosovo and the UN Civil Administration pillars have worked
closely on the Emergency Judicial System. Interviews continue to be conducted
for the establishment of the local judiciary database. Training symposia
have been held for the newly appointed local judges, prosecutors, and defense
counsel. The symposia are the first stage of a plan to establish a permanent
Judicial Training Institute. The Rule of Law Division also includes a Legal
Community Support Section, which aims to identify the needs of the legal
community. Intense work done to provide legal and organizational base for
Police Education and Development
- Setting up a curriculum for the Kosovo
Police Service School.
- Graduation of the first class of 176
Kosovo Police Officers, comprising 17 minorities and 20 per cent women.
- With the start of the second class of
178 cadets a further step in increasing confidence in a new local police
service has been taken.
- Training of 35 correctional officers.
Substantial progress has been
made in the development of the future Kosovo Police Service (KPS). The
OSCE has been mandated to train approximately 3,200 locally recruited students
within 18 months to work as a community-oriented police service and restore
trust and confidence in law enforcement among the citizens of Kosovo. The
inaugural class graduated from the Kosovo Police Service School on 16 October
and shortly thereafter began 19 weeks of field training with UNMIK police
officers. The second police course started a nine-week course on 29 November.
Of the 178 students, 28 are Kosovo Serbs, 14 are other minorities and 17%
- Preparing for registration and legislation
- Organizing institutional framework
Department of Elections has started preparatory work for elections, legislation
and organization. The UN Civil Administration and OSCE are working closely
together to ensure that the civil registry will be compatible with the
needs for a voter's list. Issues under consideration include the evidential
and residential criteria for enfranchisement and the locality where voters
can cast a ballot. Much work has already been done on drafting election
regulations and organizing the required institutional framework, including
Kosovo Central Election Committee. OSCE Mission in Kosovo has also been
able to call upon the OSCE mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina for expert advice
- Media Advisory Board established
- Temporary Media Commissioner appointed
- Preparing for Code of Practice for broadcast
- Establishment of the public broadcasting
Radio Television Kosovo (RTK)
- Encourage professional journalists to
voluntarily establish an ethical code
- Regular roundtable with Kosovo journalists
and international donors on media development policies.
OSCE Director of Media has been appointed by the UN Special Representative
of the Secretary General as Temporary Media Commissioner. Existing radio
and television stations as well as those planning to commence operations
are required to apply for temporary broadcasting licences. The Commissioner
is charged with formulating a plan for a licensing and regulatory authority
in order to bring direction to the media environment in Kosovo. Furthermore
OSCE is preparing the groundwork for a Code of Practice in broadcast media
in close consultation with UNMIK, Council of Europe and other legal experts,
and the Kosovo Media Policy Advisory Board. The OSCE has been tasked with
establishing a public, independent broadcasting system, Radio Television
Kosovo (RTK). RTK, which started its first television program on 19 September,
enjoys increasing local support and international endorsement. OSCE was
able to raise funds for the development of RTK. Intensive efforts are underway
to transform Rilindija Building into a multi-purpose Media House.
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