Serbia + 1 more

OCHA Belgrade: Weekly Situation Report 28 Jan - 03 Feb 2000

UN Consolidated Appeal Process:

On 25-27 January, OCHA organized a workshop in Geneva on the Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP), with the participation of UN humanitarian actors on the HQ and field levels. The workshop made a number of recommendations, aiming particularly to emphasize the strategic nature of the CAP.


In Montenegro, a meeting was held between local government officials and representatives of humanitarian agencies in Berane municipality, for the purpose of information exchange and coordination. It was chaired jointly by the Vice President of Berane Municipality and UNHCR.


On 28 January, UNHCR signed a memorandum of understanding with the Serbian authorities for the IDP registration in Serbia, scheduled to begin by mid-February.

There are unconfirmed reports indicating recent arrivals of approximately 900 Serb Moslems IDPs in Novi Pazar, from Prizren areas in Kosovo.

In the Konik settlement near Podgorica in Montenegro, the construction of additional shelter for Roma IDPs will continue, through the joint efforts of the Montenegrin and Italian Red Cross, Cooperazione Italiana and other NGOs working in the camp.


UNICEF has resumed catch-up classes for IDP children in Serbia and Montenegro.

In Montenegro, the Ministry of Education presented to UNICEF an outline of the reform program on education for 2000. It includes teacher training and curriculum development. Furthermore, the lack of schools and pre-school institutions is a major obstacle in improving the quality of formal education in Montenegro.


The bi-weekly Health Coordination meeting was held in Belgrade on 1 February, chaired by WHO with the participation of relevant UN, IO and NGO agencies and the Federal and Republican Ministries of Health and the Institute of Public Health. The meeting discussed, inter alia, the concept of vulnerability in the health sector and current/planned programs by each agency.

In Montenegro, WHO and PSF are following up on the antibiotic shortage. A one-month supply was ordered by WHO on behalf of the Ministry of Health, and the shipment is due to arrive this week.

WHO regularly produces a monthly update, "Health Talks", summarizing major issues in the health sector. (Available from WHO Belgrade)


Temperatures in FRY rose considerably from 27 January onwards (now over 10 degrees celcius on average), alleviating pressure on electricity, oil, coal and gas demand, and ending country-wide electricity restrictions. Parts of Central Serbia are still experiencing restrictions, as are many industrial users, and voltage reductions are continuing.

OCHA continues to inspect electrical facilities, monitor use of spare parts, and identify urgent needs. This includes monitoring lignite and mazut availability, technical failure risk, and spare parts situation at the major thermal power plant facilities in Obrenovac (which meet approximately one-third of FRY's winter electricity demand).

On 28 January, OCHA joined UNICEF on a mission to Aleksinac (town population of 18,000; municipality population of 70,000), near Nis, to assess, among others, the energy situation. The town was experiencing four hours of electricity cuts every 12 hours. Four schools and one kindergarten visited had no heating oil. The only hospital (including the maternity ward), which had ceased functioning for 5-6 days due to a lack of heating fuel, resumed its operation after a delivery by CARE of 30 tons of heating fuel on 28 January. The collective center and orphanage visited were receiving humanitarian deliveries of heating fuel.

The FRY Government officially announced its intention to provide hard currency from state reserves to pay for additional quantities of natural gas and its transportation. The Serbian Minister of Energy is currently in Moscow for negotiations with Gasprom.

According to a statement of the General Manager of NIS (Oil Industry of Serbia), the official price for gasoline will soon be increased from 10 to 15-17 dinars/litre.


The January issue of the Humanitarian Risk Analysis was issued, focusing on the examination of humanitarian vulnerability from the municipal perspectives. (Available at ReliefWeb at


As elementary and high schools in Serbia started the second term on 31 January, the large teachers' unions organized a strike in protest for their low salary and delays in payments. The strike is reportedly affecting about one third of schools in Serbia, resulting in classes being cut from 45 to 30 minutes.

It is reported that 7 million worth of aid is to be provided by USAID to Montenegro for assisting pensioners. This is the last phase of the 1999 US assistance to Montenegro, which totaled USD 44 million. For 2000, US assistance is expected to amount to about USD 37 million.

For comments and questions, please contact:
Ms. Kayo Gotoh, HAO/Analysis, OCHA Belgrade (Tel/Fax 381-11-682963; Email: ocha@eunet.yu)


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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