Senegal + 2 more

Senegal: Migrants Repatriation - Emergency Plan of Action Operation Update (MDRSN014)

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Situation Report
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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Some 165 Senegalese migrants who were in detention centres in Libya have been repatriated to Senegal on June 6, 2017. The International Organization of Migrants (IOM) organized their return, in collaboration with the Senegalese authorities and the Directorate of the Senegalese living abroad of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Most migrants were held in overcrowded detention centres without adequate access to clean water, food, toilets and basic health services.

In their attempt to reach Europe via Libya, most of them have been subjected to arbitrary detention, violence and other forms of abuse, such as forced labour and extortion of funds from the smugglers and traffickers.

This is the second batch of Senegalese repatriated. On June 1, a first group of 171 migrants was returned to Dakar while over 40 others arrived by road from Libya, plus many returns of migrants by land from Niger (transport organized by IOM). According to the Senegalese officials and IOM representatives, further repatriation flights will be organized within the framework of voluntary humanitarian return (VHR) and reintegration support programme to stranded migrants in Libya.

Stripped of their possessions, abused and disappointed, most migrants are traumatized by what they experienced and need support to get back on their feet and restart their lives. With the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and in coordination with the local authorities and IOM, the Senegalese Red Cross is supporting the returnees at the arrival phase, through the provision of psychosocial support and reintegration programs to help them for a dignified return.

Senegal has traditionally been a major destination countries in West Africa and has now become a country of emigration, migration and transit. In recent years, Senegal has become the second country provider of West African migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean, following The Gambia. They leave in the hope of a better life.