Senegal: Floods Emergency appeal n° MDRSN002 - Final report

Situation Report
Originally published


Period covered by this Final Report: September 2009 to March 2010.

Appeal target: CHF 2.1m

Final Appeal coverage: 49%;

Appeal history:

=B7 This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on a preliminary basis on 9 September 2009 for CHF 2.1m for 6 months to support the Senegal Red Cross Society (SRCS) in delivering assistance to some 25,000 beneficiaries.

=B7 CHF 200,000 was initially allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support regional efforts to prepare and respond.

=B7 Ops Update no. 1 communicated a probable appeal budget revision within the initial six-month appeal timeframe.

=B7 Ops Update no. 2 communicated that the draft Plan of Action will be revised. While there had been plans for a revised appeal budget (reduced), a decision was taken to maintain the current budget.

=B7 Ops Update no.3 communicated the recovery activities targeting 14,000 people (2,800 households) by redirecting the type of support to target beneficiaries based on the situation and the beneficiaries' real needs. It also highlighted that 16,435 people (3,287 families) were supported with non-food items such as mosquito nets, jerry cans, soaps, blankets, tarpaulin, mats, and bladders for water supply.

=B7 Ops update no. 4 communicated the implementation of the recovery phase of the appeal to help support affected families. Out of 14,000 people targeted, 7,730 people were reached with agricultural tools, seeds, fertilizer, livestock, and cash in 44 communities.

=B7 Ops Update no. 5 supported additional 2,500 people (500 households) in the region of Matam (25 communities9. The distribution was complemented with a post distribution monitoring conducted in the regions of Saint-Louis, Kolda, Kaolack, and Fatick within 21 communities.

Summary: Torrential seasonal rains in Senegal, beginning in June 2009 and climaxing during the last week of August 2009 caused heavy flooding in the suburbs of Dakar (the capital city), and in the major towns of Kaolack, Saint-Louis, Kolda, Fatick, Kaolack, Matam, Tamba Counda, Kedougou, and Bekel. To respond to the flooding, the Federation provided significant assistance through a DREF allocation to allow the SRCS to immediately support the affected communities. The DREF was followed by an Emergency Appeal launched on 9 September, 2009. With this early action, the Federation supported the SRCS to provide an appropriate and timely response to 3,287 families (16,435 people) during the emergency period to meet the immediate needs in the form of non-food items (NFI), emergency shelters such as tents, emergency health (basic health care), water and sanitation, hygiene promotion, psycho-social support, livelihoods and early recovery, and logistics. The Federation also deployed a Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT) and two Emergency Response Units (ERUs) to support assessment and coordination efforts, and to work with the regional disaster response team members (RDRT) who were already in place.

Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) members from the Gambia Red Cross Society were deployed to support the SRCS in the implementation of the recovery phase of the operation. The appeal has reached some 10,230 people out of the total of 14,000 people planned for the recovery activities. Beneficiaries received support in the form of agricultural tools, seeds, fertilizer, livestock, and cash in the regions of Fatick, Kaolack, Saint-Louis, Matam, and Kolda. The post distribution monitoring confirmed the proper utilization of the materials distributed. Communities highlighted their satisfaction with the type of support that contributed to reducing dependency and improved living conditions. Those whose houses were damaged during the flooding are using the materials in the repair or reconstruction and rehabilitating water ways to mitigate future flooding. A small remaining balance of CHF 419 has been re-imbursed to the DREF.

Impact and lessons learned: The timely investment of DREF funding contributed significantly in supporting those affected by the floods to reduce their level of vulnerability with the provision of non-food items. With the additional support generated by the Emergency Appeal, the target number of beneficiaries has been reached with NFI, water and sanitation, sensitization and/or recovery materials. The support has contributed to the improvement of the image of the National Society particularly in rural areas, thereby increasing the Red Cross membership and volunteer base. The operation has served to build SRCS leadership and volunteer capacities, particularly in identifying beneficiaries, sensitization mechanisms, and distribution techniques.