Below-average production is likely to accentuate food insecurity during the lean season
Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity is expected to persist through September 2017, among poor households in most areas of Rwanda, following ongoing harvests. However, below-average Season A rains have decreased maize yields up to 20 percent in the East Congo Nile Highland Subsistence and the Eastern Semi-arid Agropastoral zones. Reduced household food access is likely to lead to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in Kirehe, Gatsibo, and Kayonza districts during the April to May lean season, but the Season B harvest in June is expected to improve food security outcomes.
While food prices declined seasonally in most markets across the country, following harvests in December and January, the decline has been moderated by below-average production in eastern parts of the country. Food prices are anticipated to rise atypically early, toward the end of March, exacerbated by highly priced regional imports, limiting poor household access.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), as of February 9, Rwanda hosted 84,873 refugees, the majority from Burundi. The severity of acute food insecurity of refugees, situated in southern Rwanda and Kigali, is classified as Crisis (IPC Phase 3). An expanded humanitarian assistance provision is required to bridge current funding gaps of over 50 percent. While the rate of arrivals has declined significantly over the past couple of months, camp capacities have exceeded basic amenities.