The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.
Summary: CHF 188,899 (USD 161,314 or EUR 113,795) was allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 26 October 2007 to support the Rwandan Red Cross (RRC) in delivering assistance to 1,020 households (5,100 beneficiaries).
This operation was implemented over 6 months starting 26 October 2007 and completed by 17 April 2008. During this period the Rwandan Red Cross volunteers distributed food items provided by the Rwandan Government to a total of 1,020 households. The National Society also procured Sosoma and distributed as a supplement for nutrition to pregnant mothers and mothers with children under five years in order to prevent malnutrition. The National Society also provided non-food items such as sleeping mats, blankets and wrappers as well as temporary shelter (sheetings) to the beneficiaries.
Red Cross volunteers, local authority representatives and beneficiaries' representatives were trained on participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation in emergency response (PHASTER) as well as malaria prevention methods. RRC constructed pit latrines, compost pits and bathrooms to the affected communities. Sensitization sessions were conducted to ensure that the latrines and compost sites are used appropriately. Awareness on malaria prevention, hygiene related water-borne infections using the participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) methodology was also done. Clean water supply and hygiene promotion items were also provided.
Rwandan Red Cross volunteers in collaboration with the health workers conducted sensitization workshops on vaccination, nutrition, hygiene and sanitation and other major health problems. Rwandan Red Cross volunteers managed the warehouse on a daily basis during the operation. A distribution site was set in place and non-food items (NFI) distributed to the beneficiaries. Daily warehouse reports were produced by volunteers in charge of warehouse.
This operation was conducted in collaboration with the Rwandan Government, Movement Partners including the Belgian, Spanish and German Red Cross Societies as well as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). United Nations Agencies including United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Food Programme (WFP) also collaborated at different capacities.