Rwanda

Rwanda Appeal No. 01.08/2003

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


2003
(In CHF)
20042
(In CHF)
1. Health and Care
1,090,247
1,200,000
2. Disaster Management
531,206
560,000
3. Organizational Development
323,274
340,000
Total
1,944,7261
2,100,000
1 USD 1,320,046 or EUR 1,321,081
2 These are preliminary budget figures for 2004, and are subject to revision.

Introduction

Rwanda has for centuries been characterised by ethnic conflicts which in 1994 culminated in a genocide is which it is estimated 800.000 people died. The country has since been in a political rebuilding phase under the leadership of President Paul Kagame, but was also until recently involved in the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Rwanda signed a peace accord in mid 2002 redrawing troops from the Democratic Republic of Congo. The repatriation and demobilisation of troops will pose yet another humanitarian challenge to Rwanda. Rwanda Red Cross Society has within the last two years got a new senior management leading the organisational change process and the rebuild of the national society. The society has during the year developed a draft strategic plan for the period 2002-06. A draft disaster response plan is also available based upon the experiences gained through the active participation in the Nyirangongo Volcano operation. The main challenge for the national society is to progress towards the characteristics of a well functioning society for at the same time secure provision of effective assistance to the most vulnerable. The Federation delegation in Rwanda has undergone a number of structural adjustments over the last years and is now fully integrated in the national society providing assistance to the coordination and dialogue with the huge number of Participating National Societies based in Rwanda in relation to bilateral implementation of programmes. The first draft to a Cooperation Agreement strategy has been developed with partners in the year 2002. The Federation Secretariat assisted this year the national society in its organisational development and capacity activities, in health programs and in disaster response towards the Nyirangongo Volcano operation.

National Context

In 1961 Rwanda's monarchical government was formally abolished by a referendum and the first parliamentary elections held. A long history of ethnic conflicts followed, culminating in a genocide in 1994 in which up to 800,000 people were massacred. Presently there are about 130,000 persons still in prisons awaiting trial for their actions during this period. New legislation passed by the National Assembly enabling trials to be conducted through a system of traditional committees for reconciliation and justice (Gacaca) is expected to speed up the trial process.

The country is currently under a transitional government that includes members of the main ethnic groups and different political parties. A peace accord signed in July 2002 in South Africa between the governments of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Angola, Uganda, Zimbabwe and Namibia provides the base for peace in the region. The repatriation and demobilisation of troops will pose a major humanitarian challenge to Rwanda, which still has to integrate old and new returnees who fled the country in the 1970s and 1990s.


Human Development Indicators at a Glance
Rwanda
Sub-Saharan Africa
World
Life expectancy at birth (years)
40.2
48.7
66.9
Adult literacy rate (% age 15 and above), 2000
66.8
61.5
~
Adult literacy rate (female as % of male), 2000
82
77
~
Combined primary, secondary and tertiary gross enrolment ratio (%), 1999
40
42
65
GDP per capita (PPP$), 2000
943
1,690
7,446
People living with HIV/AIDS, adults (% age 15-49), 2001
8.88
9
1.2
Refugees (thousands), in/out, 2000
28/118
~
~
Source: UNDP HDR 2002

Rwanda's National Poverty Reduction Programme (NPRP) emphasises six priority areas for the coming period: rural development, agricultural transformation; human development; economic infrastructure; governance; and private sector and institutional development. This policy framework includes proactive disaster management to protect objectives and outcomes of the NPRP.

The humanitarian context is marked by 400,000 orphans, 49% of families headed by children under 15 years of age, and 34% of the households headed by widowed women. There are approximately 300,000 handicapped persons from the 1994 genocide. There are persistent risks of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes due to seismic activities in the Virunga chain while the rainy season heralds recurrent floods and landslides that wreak havoc on human settlement and infrastructure. Poverty and food insecurity are common features in certain provinces of Rwanda. The unstable political situation in Burundi may spill over to Rwanda and cause displacement and refugee movements.

The major health problems include a high HIV/AIDS prevalence with less than 1% access to anti-retroviral drugs. There is a 29% malnutrition rate among children under five years of age (under-fives), high rates of malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhoeal diseases and respiratory tract infections. In 2001, the ministry of health received only 5% of total government spending and had to rely on international donors who provided 60% of its total expenditure.

National Society Priorities

All activities of the Rwanda Red Cross Society are based on the Society's 2002 draft strategic plan, Strategy 2010, the African Red Cross Red Crescent Health Initiative (ARCHI) and the Ouagadougou Declaration. The three priorities of the National Society's strategic plan are:

  • The development of Red Cross programmes that respond to basic community needs and which build capacities and reduce vulnerabilities.

  • Development of a national society that functions well and reinforces capacities at headquarters and branch levels, decentralises its structures and is built on a solid base of self-sufficiency.

  • Development of partnerships based on financial support by the RC/RC Movement's members and other donors in Rwanda, including the private sector
AT A GLANCE
Year
Comment
Statutes
1997
Statutes last revised 1997. Rwanda RCS has reviewed the statutes against the "Guidance for National Society Statutes".
National Disaster Plan
2003
Draft available, to be finalised 2003
National Development Plan
2002
Strategic plan 2002-06 in final draft stage
CAS
2003
Draft, finalised 2004
Self-Assessment
2002
Part of the self assessment process initiated by the Secretariat
Elections
2002
General Assembly 2002, GA normally takes place every 4 years, but might be called extraordinary.
Yearly audit
2002
Last external audit completed for year 2000, in process of conducting external audit for year 2001.

The new process of Cooperation Agreement Strategy (CAS) will ensure a continuous dialogue between the components of the Movement for joint capacity building planning. Programme priorities of Rwanda Red Cross are also determined by its auxiliary role to the Rwandan Government in the fields of Health and Disaster Preparedness/Response.

Red Cross and Red Crescent Priorities

In recent years, four bilateral partner national societies (Belgian, French, German and Spanish Red Cross Societies) have been supporting Rwanda Red Cross in programme implementation and local capacity building. The Belgian Red Cross supports a centre for street children and orphans in Butare, while the French Red Cross is running water and sanitation activities with Rwanda Red Cross in Umutara province for which an extension is being prepared. The German Red Cross is continuing support for the youth centre for street children in Kigali until it can be fully funded by Rwanda Red Cross. German Red Cross is also preparing a European Union-funded HIV/AIDS programme for home-based care in consortium with other Participating National Societies (PNS). The Spanish Red Cross is supporting community development activities related to poverty reduction, social welfare and health in six provinces.

As a continuation to the Nyiragongo Volcano Operation, the Swiss Red Cross has funded the rehabilitation of three schools in the lower Kivu region. The British, Norwegian and Swedish Red Cross Societies continue to fund Health, Disaster Preparedness/Response, and Organisational Development programmes through the Federation Secretariat. The ICRC continues its support for tracing, dissemination, and conflict preparedness.


Primary Support from the Movement in 2002
Partner
Health
Relief
Disaster Management
Humanitarian Values
Organisational Development
Other
ICRC
xx
xx
Federation*
xx
xx
xx
xx
French RC
xx
xx
Norwegian RC
xx
Belgian RC
xx
German RC
xx
xx
xx
Spanish RC
XX

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