1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In relation to humanitarian operations, United Nations agencies, International Organisations (IOs) and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) have been working throughout the course of the year 2006 to implement the humanitarian reform agenda including the cluster approach. Whilst the process is still being developed or has not yet begun in a number of countries (including Rwanda), the approach is being applied in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. A meeting of regional partners and representatives of country teams in September 2006 helped to provide a lessons learned and information sharing opportunity in support of the implementation of the reform. At regional level, a review of regional coordination structures was undertaken in May 2006 to examine the role of the groups in relation to the cluster approach, the outcome of which continues to be followed up. As a consequence of the recommendations provided by such review, the formation of partnerships and inter-organisational cooperation has continued to strengthen throughout the year and is reflected in this "Joint Government and Development Partners Appeal for the humanitarian, recovery and development assistance to the Rwandophones expelled from Tanzania and host communities".
The Government of Rwanda (GoR) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner in Rwanda (UNHCR), who acts as a technical advisor and facilitator of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) Rwanda Disaster Management Task Force (DMTF), have jointly developed this document. The DMTF is a coordination group involving GoR authorities and United Nations (UN) Agencies, as well as NGOs. It will be responsible for the coordination of the actions envisaged in this appeal, as well as for the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities.
This Appeal is not a simple pledge of money. It is an inclusive and coordinated programme cycle of:
- Strategic planning leading to a common humanitarian, recovery, and development action plan;
- Resource mobilisation;
- Coordinated programme implementation;
- Joint monitoring and evaluation;
- Revision if necessary;
- Reporting on results.
The Appeal is the strategic plan for an 18 months humanitarian response in an immediate (January 2007 – June 2007) and longer (July 2007 – June 2008) period and includes the following elements:
- A common analysis of the context in which humanitarian action takes place;
- A preliminary assessment of needs according to the findings of the Sectoral Sub-Commissions within the UNDAF Rwanda DMTF;
- Most likely scenarios;
- A clear statement of longer-term objectives and goals;
- Priority areas to be addressed in the response plan;
· A matrix of activities according to the phases of action;
· A framework for monitoring the strategy and revising it if necessary;
· Specific fact-sheets per agency with basic project activities, as donors provide resources directly to appealing agencies upon presentation of summarised areas of initiatives.
As a result of the consultations held within the DMTF, the GoR and various stakeholders identified ten priority sectors and themes for action at country level (Coordination and Support Services, Domestic Needs and Non-Food Items [NFI], Education, Food, Health and Nutrition, Logistics and Transports, Registration/Protection/Human Rights/Rule of Law, Resettlement/Environment/Livestock, Security, Shelter and Other Infrastructures, Water Drainage, Water Provision and Sanitation). In the weeks that followed, dedicated working groups developed response plans in each of these areas and are presently in the process of designing the relative supporting projects.
Therefore, this "Joint Government and Development Partners Appeal for the humanitarian, recovery and development assistance to the Rwandophones expelled from Tanzania and host communities," requests a total amount of US$ 53,020,773 (1) for phase 1 and 2 for the all sectors of action.
(1) All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2007 page.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2.1 HISTORY OF RWANDANS IN TANZANIA
2.2 THE PRESENT CONTEXT AND ITS HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES
2.2A Context in Tanzania
2.2B Context in Rwanda
2.3 BASELINE NEED ASSESSMENTS
3. COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN
3.1 PHASES AND SCENARIOS
3.2 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR HUMANITARIAN AND RECOVERY/DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE
3.3 RESPONSE PLAN: OBJECTIVES AND INDICATORS BY PHASE AND STRATEGIC PRIORITY-SECTOR OF ACTION
3.4 CRITERIA FOR PRIORITISATION OF PROJECTS
3.5 STRATEGIC MONITORING & EVALUATION PLAN
ANNEX I. MATRIX OF ACTIVITIES
ANNEX II. BUDGET PHASE 1
ANNEX III. BUDGET PHASE 2
ANNEX IV. TOTAL BUDGET
ANNEX V. LIST OF ACRONYMS
ANNEX VI. OVERVIEW OF AGENCIES AND ORGANISATIONS (FACT SHEETS)
Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)
For additional copies, please contact:
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
Fax: (41 22) 917.0368