UNICEF Programme in the North Caucasus Activity Report No. 103

Situation Report
Originally published


1-30 November 2005
During the reporting period, UNICEF's Humanitarian Programme in the North Caucasus received no additional contribution. However, as of 30 November 2005, all financial requirements included in the '2005 Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) for Chechnya, North Caucasus (Russian Federation)' - US $6,912,300 - have been met, thanks to the resources provided by the following donors: Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, the US/Bureaus of Population, refugees and Migration (BPRM), USAID, the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO), the French, Dutch, UK and Irish National Committees for UNICEF. In addition, in 2005 donations have been received from the German, UK, Italian, French and Lithuanian National Committees - as well as from private donors, including Unilever and General Electrics - to support UNICEF's special programme focused on Beslan. UNICEF is sincerely grateful to these donors for their generous support.


IDP schools in Ingushetia

By the end of November, the number of children enrolled in the 13 temporary schools for IDPs that are managed by UNICEF in partnership with IRC, CPCD and HWA - with financial support from the German National Committee for UNICEF, US/BPRM, Canada and Sweden - totalled 1,582 (vs. 1,630 in October). This slight decrease was probably linked to a small peak in the return of IDPs into Chechnya, in connection with the elections and reiterated pledges by the authorities to pay longstanding compensation claims. During the reporting period, all IDP schools were provided by UNICEF with 10,151 Russian and Chechen textbooks.

Teacher training

UNICEF organized two training sessions in Stavropol region. On 14-18 November, a special methodological training was offered to 45 pre-school education staff and 48 primary/secondary school teachers and administrators from Chechnya and Ingushetia. In addition, 178 teachers from Shatoiski and Itum-Kalinski districts (Chechnya) participated in upgrading seminars organized by UNICEF and the Teacher Re-training Institute of Grozny. Another 522 teachers of Gudermesski, Shelkovskoi and Groznenski rural districts of Chechnya were scheduled to participate in training events in December.

ECD programme in Ingushetia

UNICEF and Caritas Internationalis, with financial support from ECHO, the German National Committee for UNICEF, US/BPRM, Canada and Sweden, continued to provide free access to education and care to 590 IDP children in 4 centers located in and near spontaneous settlements in Ingushetia, with the an average attendance rate of 94%. Educators and parents' committee activists arranged "Autumn balls" and "Children's creative fairs", during which adults bought handicrafts made by children. The parenting skills of IDP young mothers were enhanced through their participation in 'open lessons' conducted by the most experienced teachers and nurses. All activities were published through the 'wall newspapers' joint drafted by teachers and children.

ECE centers in Chechnya

All 27 centers managed by UNICEF in Chechnya and Dagestan - in cooperation with three Chechen NGOs and with financial support from ECHO, the German National Committee for UNICEF, Sweden, US/BPRM, the Netherlands and Canada - continued their work according to the agreed education plans and the methodology guidelines that were jointly developed by UNICEF and the local education authorities. A total of 1,350 children aged 5-6 received basic lessons in Russian and Chechen languages, counting skills, drawing, learning and reciting simple poems as well as outdoor physical exercises. Eight of the ECE centres' educators were provided with the opportunity to participate in a pre-school education training in Essentuki (Stavropol region).

Physical rehabilitation programme

UNICEF completed the rehabilitation of 10 schools and 2 kindergartens in Chechnya. A joint team of UNICEF and MoE specialists, accompanied by an independent civil engineer, started the final inspection procedure, so as to ensure the compliance of the scope and quality of the work with UNICEF's standards and with the technical requirements of the federal legislation. The rehabilitation of 4 additional schools, undertaken by UNICEF in partnership with CPCD, is still underway, due to some delays generated by the security measures applied to education buildings in preparation of the November elections. In 2005 UNICEF supported the rehabilitation of a total of 16 schools and 2 kindergartens (16 in Chechnya, 1 in Ingushetia and 1 in Prigorodny district, North Ossetia), with financial support from the German National Committee for UNICEF, Sweden, US/BPRM and the Netherlands.

Peace Education and Tolerance Building (PETB) programme

On 18 and 24 November two workshops were carried out by UNICEF in Nazran (Ingushetia), with financial support from the Irish and French National Committees for UNICEF. Over 30 teachers, psychologists and school administration specialists from Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia and Chechnya took part in the training events, which were conducted by Prof. Nadezhda Lebedeva, Dr. Alexander Tatarko (specialists from the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences) and Dr. Victoria Galyapina (Stavropol State University). Representatives of MoEs also visited the workshops and shared their appreciation of their content and their importance for the region. The first issue of the "Children Peacemaking Newsletter" was issued in November and distributed in the five participating republics.



With a view to enhancing the existing data collection system on mine/UXO civilian incidents in Chechnya and its further analysis, UNICEF organized and delivered a 2-day training on 'surveillance system' for the 15 'letter-boxes' operating in all districts of Chechnya, 7 monitors from Voice of the Mountains (VoM) and the Danish De-mining Group as well as 3 nurses from Urus-Martanovsky hospital, Shalinsky hospital and Grozny hospital n. 9 (Chechnya). Participants were trained in detecting changes in trends over time, estimating the magnitude of morbidity and mortality, identifying risk factors, evaluating control measures, defining public health surveillance and understanding the appropriate use of surveillance data. UNICEF is also planning to organize in March 2006 a five-day training on the 'EpiInfo' software - to be delivered by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This training will be aimed at strengthening the capacity of government structures to analyze different statistical data.

According to the information gathered by UNICEF monitors/'letter boxes', with financial support from ECHO, no mine/UXO incidents affecting civilians were registered in November. The total of civilian casualties recorded since end-1994 remains at 3,033, including 738 children (612 wounded and 126 killed).

UNICEF, with financial support from the Netherlands, continued to promote awareness of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) among 86 school teachers, police workers and administration officials, including through 6 trainings/workshops that were conducted in Ackhoy-Martanovskiy, Gudermesskiy and Naurskiy districts of Chechnya.

Mine Risk Education (MRE) in Chechnya

In the virtual absence of Government-led civilian de-mining activities in Chechnya, MRE activities remain a vital instrument to contribute to the decrease of the mine/UXO impact on the civilian population. UNICEF continued to work through its community-based MRE working groups (created with financial support from ECHO), the State Chechen Drama Theatre and VoM (with financial support from the UK and Dutch National Committees for UNICEF). Some 3,784 schoolchildren were also covered with MRE messages through drama presentations, VoM sessions and the dissemination of MRE posters and leaflets.

Mine/UXO Survivor Assistance

Within its physical rehabilitation programme for children with disabilities, UNICEF supported a one-month orthopedic training for a doctor from Grozny's Republican Clinical Hospital (RCH) in St. Petersburg (Russian Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics). A 10-day training has also been organized for two doctors from the same hospital at the Medical Institute in Moscow. Both initiatives have been promoted with financial support from the Dutch National Committee for UNICEF. UNICEF, through Grozny's Prosthetic Workshop and with financial support from Germany and the Dutch National Committee for UNICEF, also supported the production of prosthetic devices and orthopedic footwear for 12 mine survivors

Psychosocial Support and Vocational Training

The psychosocial well-being of mine/UXO survivors and other disabled children has been addressed, with financial support from Germany and the UK National Committee for UNICEF, at the UNICEF-supported Psychosocial Rehabilitation Centre in Grozny, which is currently assisting some 27 children and their primary caregivers for individual and group counselling.

UNICEF also continued to promote the socio-economic reintegration of the most vulnerable children through its vocational training on carpentry, tailoring, computing and football. During the reporting period, 60 children have been attending courses run by the Society for the Disabled, Grozny's Technical College and VoM, with financial support from Germany and the Dutch National Committee for UNICEF. A UNICEF-supported football team of disabled boys participated in the national football championship for the disabled, which was held in Moscow from 26 November through 4 December. The UNICEF-trained team was recognized as one of the best: Mr. Lunacharskiy, the President of the Federation of Football for the Disabled of Russia, and Mr. Kiyanskiy, the General Secretary of the Federation, sent a letter expressing their gratitude to UNICEF for its continuous support to the "Laman Az" team, and informing the organization that three members of its team will be playing for the national team of disabled in 2006.

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