A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In the period between 27 and 31 May 2014, water levels rose above critical points due to heavy rains on the rivers in the Altai Krai, the Republic of Tuva and the Republic of Khakassia. 7,497 homes, inhabited by 21,402 people (including 5,085 children) and 8,399 farming properties were flooded and two motorways and six bridges were damaged in 78 settlements of 21 municipalities.
A similar situation was observed in the Adygeya Republic in Northern Caucasus, where two big settlements were affected by floods, Koshekhabl and Gaginski municipalities, between 25 and 26 May 2014. Around 70 houses were destroyed in the latter area, inhabited by 2,012 people (including 1,165 children), with 4,000 farming properties and 49 km of motorways damaged.
According to the first assessment conducted by the Russian Red Cross, 7,536 people (approx. 2,500 targeted households) were considered to be worst affected by the floods in Siberia and Northern Caucasus. The local authorities did their utmost to stabilize the situation but at the same time, from the very first days of the disaster, they were contacting the Russian Red Cross regional branches asking for humanitarian aid. In turn, the Russian Red Cross Society asked for the support of the Secretariat of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in the form of emergency funds for food parcels, hygiene kits, bed linen sets, blankets, and pillows. The original plan targeted 2,500 affected families, but that number increased to 3,440 households during the operation. Between June and September 2014, large territories of Siberia were situated in the disaster area with a total population of more than 200,000 people, out of whom over 40,000 people were evacuated to safe places. The local authorities, jointly with the Russian Ministry of Emergencies (EMERCOM) and the Russian Red Cross established some 50 temporary shelter points to accommodate those 10,000 people who could not return to their homes.