A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Between 10 and 15 May 2017, the destruction of the dam in the district of Ishim (Tyumen region) and water spills across the Ishim river caused massive flooding throughout Tyumen region, in particular, around the town of Ishim. The dam was destroyed due to the huge amount of melting snow and the discharge of water from the reservoir near the city of Petropavlovsk in Kazakhstan. Currently, the level of water is increasing approx. 50 centimetres per day. On 15 May, the water level on Ishim river has reached the critical point of 971 cm at Ishim city.
According to data received from the affected local governments, EMERCOM, and the regional and local Russian Red Cross Society branches, the flooding has resulted in the following damages:
Ishim district (Tyumen region)
The total number of affected families in Ishim district is to date 1,045. More than 130 houses are waterlogged and damaged and 41 houses fully destroyed. A total of 6,608 garden plots are also under water and damaged. Some of them are seasonal country houses, while some are people’s permanent residence. In addition to household items (furniture, appliances, clothing, footwear, utensils, documents, cash savings, etc.), many of the food stocks and crops have also been destroyed as people were storing them in their houses. These were the main and/or only source of food and livelihood for many of these people. Much of the local infrastructure, including 25kms of road, as well as electricity lines, gas pipe lines and the water supply system have also been damaged and the airfield of the DOSAAF Aviation Sports Club with ten aircrafts has been flooded.
Residents are increasingly stressed by the ongoing situation. The local authorities started the evacuation of people from the disaster-struck area on boats on 11 May 2017. As of now, a total of 584 people has been evacuated, including 153 children. The great majority of people (over 400 persons) has found shelter at relatives while some 160 people have been accommodated in temporary shelters. (A more accurate calculation is not possible until the deployment of an assessment and monitoring team from Moscow to the affected areas). Three residents who cannot move independently have been evacuated by EMERCOM staff to the city hospital.
Local authorities have covered the urgent food and hygiene needs of people for the coming two to three weeks. It is planned that through this DREF operation, the RRCS will cover the remaining food and hygiene needs for a longer period, approx. two to three months. Evacuated people will be required to stay in temporary shelters until their houses are repaired or rebuilt, also for an estimated two to three months. The total capacity of the 13 accommodation centres in Ishim district is 2,084 beds in case of future needs.
As a result of the flooding, there is a risk of outbreak of infectious diseases. Adults and children have already been vaccinated against Hepatitis A at the temporary shelters and the flooded zones.
Abatsky district (Tyumen region)
On 11 May 2017, the massive flooding disrupted the road connection with seven villages: Maksimov, Burdin, Vodolazov, Firsov, Efimov, Bokov, Likhachev. The level of the water has reached 1,128cm. A total of 194 houses in six settlements are under the threat of flooding, the authorities have therefore evacuated 65 people, among them 32 children. Five people have been placed in temporary shelter, while the rest stay with relatives. Three temporary shelters with a total capacity of 105 people have been set up in the district in case of future need.
Vikulovsky district (Tyumen region) and future projections
Vikulovsky district is also under threat. Due to continuing heavy rains, the water is moving towards the direction of the district and the flooding of new areas is expected. The second wave of flooding is coming from Kazakhstan where the Ishim river originates. A disaster of an even greater scale is expected with the data being updated every day.
Due to the limited access to clean water, local authorities have evacuated people to safe places and are providing them with clean water. Upon the request of the IFRC and RRCS, the Coca Cola company is delivering drinking water to the affected population to mitigate the risk of water-borne diseases.