A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Between 4-10 June 2016, heavy rains caused severe flooding in the Republic of Dagestan, the Republic of North Ossetia and the Chechen Republic of the Russian Federation in the Northern Caucasus. According to the data from the respective local governments, EMERCOM and the local branches of The Russian Red Cross Society (RRC), the following damages were observed.
Republic of Dagestan
On 4 June 2016, as a result of the heavy rains, the level of water rose to above critical point in the river ‘Parul Ozen’. In the villages of Arkas and Nizhni Djentgutai, seven houses were fully, and 21 houses were partly destroyed. Stocks of food, gardens, orchards, crops, barns and chicken coops got damaged, household items (furniture, appliances, clothing, footwear, utensils, documents, cash savings, etc.) were lost or went missing just as farm animals, poultry and cattle. Much of the local infrastructure such as health facilities, roads, electricity lines and gas pipe lines as well as a bridge that linked both parts of the settlement was also fully destroyed. The residents became very stressed by the situation. Several family members became separated as they got stranded in different parts of the village.
Republic of North Ossetia
On 5 June, as a result of hail, heavy rain and squally wind in the cities of Vladikavkaz, Julian Gisel, Upper and Lower Saniba, the roofs of private homes, schools, kindergartens and clinics were damaged, and orchards and field crops (potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, onion, garlic, herbs, etc.) were destroyed. A total of 2,669 houses had their roofs damaged and a total of 17 schools, 16 kindergartens, two hospitals, 40 km of roads, and 30 hectares of farmland were affected by the mentioned weather events.
Republic of Chechnya
On 6 June 2016, heavy rainfall in the Chechen Republic in the settlements of Tsa-Vedeno, Guni and Morse Mohk Vedeno district caused a massive landslide. Many private houses were destroyed with ten houses completely and 25 houses partially damaged and two kilometres of road fully destroyed. The destruction of a highway bridge in Shali district cut off the settlements in the district. Following another landslide in the Shatoysky area, road links with seven settlements were disrupted. All victims were evacuated from the disaster-struck area and placed in temporary shelters set up by the local authorities.
Heavy rain and flooding continued until the end of June 2016, not allowing people to return home and start repairing their houses.
The representatives of RRC branches and the Regional State Emergency Commissions conducted a joint assessment of the impact of the disaster and a detailed needs assessment involving representatives of stakeholders and beneficiaries. They prepared a list of beneficiaries in accordance with mutually agreed selection criteria. Based on this, all required items were procured, transported and distributed among the targeted beneficiaries.
Local authorities focused on the rehabilitation of destroyed houses and payment of compensation to the affected people. This type of assistance required three months to materialize, therefore, the RRC’s immediate food, non-food and shelter provision was vital to be able to assist people and alleviate their sufferings in the immediate term.