A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 25 March 2018, a fire broke out on the fourth floor of the shopping and entertainment centre Zimnyaya Vishnya in Kemerovo, Russia. The area of the fire was reported to be approximately 1,600 square metres. According to the latest official data, 64 people died in the fire, including 41 children. 79 people were injured, 12 of them were hospitalised.
To carry out search and rescue operations and fire extinguishing, 549 people and 86 units of equipment, including two aircrafts, were deployed by the Ministry of Emergency Situations (EMERCOM) of Russia. 129 people were supported by the search and rescue teams. Approximately 30 people were stuck in the building, with no chance of survival. The situation was complicated by the combustible plastic on the walls, which became a trap to those trying to escape.
On 26 March 2018, the authorities of the Kemerovo region announced a three-day mourning. The authorities of a number of regions, in particular Primorsky Krai, Ingushetia, Buryatia and the Ryazan region, as well as the mayors of Yekaterinburg and Yakutsk, Eugene Roizman and Aisen Nikolaev, in solidarity with Kemerovo, announced mourning as well. On 27 March, the president of the Russian Federation declared 28 March a day of all-Russian mourning. The Government of the Russian Federation adopted a decision to allocate 76 million roubles to the families of victims.