More than 14 years after they first fled their homes, at least 29,000 people are still internally displaced due to armed conflict and violence in the North Caucasus, and an unknown number of people are still displaced elsewhere in Russia.
Displacement induced by the threat and impact of natural hazards, especially floods and wild fires, continues to be significant in Russia. Though information on such displacement and the current situation of these IDPs is scarce.
Government figures of the number of internally displaced are not in line with international standards and international organisations stopped compiling statistics on IDPs displaced by armed conflict and violence in 2011. The lack of accurate figures limits the government’s ability to effectively uphold IDPs’ rights and address their specific needs.
Despite massive reconstruction and the declaration that the conflicts in North Ossetia and Chechnya are resolved, violence and human rights abuses are ongoing and impunity of insurgents and law enforcement authorities continues in the region. This obstructs sustainable return and integration.
The protracted conflict and insecurity, as well as dwindling assistance, lack of permanent housing and economic stagnation are obstacles to their self-reliance. Internal displacement is losing attention but not pertinence.