Russia

Humanitarian Assistance in the Northern Caucasus (Russian Federation) Information Bulletin: As of 11 Jan 2000

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The Number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
During the past three weeks, there have been increased population movements in the northern Caucasus, in particular from Ingushetia to Chechnya. Tracking migration is difficult and exacerbated by the security situation in the region. Readers should exert caution when reading the numbers below which aim to be indicative of the situation.
IDPs from Chechnya Registered in Ingushetia*
259,000
IDPs who have moved on to other regions*
38,000
IDPs who have returned to Chechnya**
35,000-70,000
Approximate total of IDPs in Ingushetia
150,000 - 185,000

Source: *Ingush Migration Service; **Ingush Migration Service, Ingush Emercom, press reports of FMS statement.

News on Needs

Much of the focus of the aid effort to date has been on the official camps in Ingushetia but aid agencies are now focussing increasingly on the requirements of families hosting IDPs and in spontaneous settlements. Host families accommodate an average of 14 persons per household. Spontaneous settlements have a wide range in size. For example, the Inarki settlement in Nazran district holds thirty persons while Gamurziyevo village in the same district contains a settlement of some 5,268 people. Likewise, in Sunzhenski district Sleptsovskaya has a settlement of 26 persons while Nesterovskaya village hosts a spontaneous settlement of some 9,500 IDPs. Of the needs cited in the last bulletin, medical equipment and medicines appear to be the most pressing requirements. Mattresses, blankets, and winter clothing, and improved sanitation facilities especially for host families and the displaced persons living with them also are needed.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) now has a water and sanitation specialist in the northern Caucasus. His initial assessment of the sector in Ingushetia indicates that the biggest needs are to enhance the capacity of local authorities to: truck good quality water in adequate quantities to IDPs; collect rubbish; and empty septic tanks. A more in-depth assessment is underway to involve IDPs in the design, location, and maintenance of sanitary facilities; to conduct a public health programme; and to devise an effective system to store, collect, and dispose of rubbish.

UNHCR has deployed a team to Dagestan to monitor the situation of displacement there and garner a better view of remaining requirements. Data currently indicate that 6,741 persons have entered the republic from Chechnya and that 5,750 persons remain in public and communal buildings.

The Humanitarian Response

As of 10 January 2000, the Russian Government (mainly Emercom but including other ministries and regional governments) had provided the following amounts of humanitarian aid for IDPs in the northern Caucasus.

Assistance provided by the Russian Government

Sector
Amount of Aid
Food aid (Mts)
4,326
Shelter Tents
2,086
Beds
13,203
Mattresses
28,157
Pillows
31,539
Linen (sets)
53,713
Clothing (pieces)
92,698
Shoes (pairs)
6,382
Relief Items Field kitchens
120
Field stoves
2,212
Water and sanitation Water tanks
135
Sanitary items (Mts)
51.19
Health Medical supplies (Mts)
101.18
Rehabilitation Construction materials (Mts)
2,182

UNHCR has now carried out twenty-four convoys to Ingushetia, North Ossetia, and Dagestan, providing the items shown in the table below. UNHCR is working with a partner NGO, Danish Refugee Council, and together the two agencies now have almost 100 local staff in the northern Caucasus to enhance planning, distribution, and monitoring of aid deliveries.

Assistance provided by UNHCR

Sector
Amount of Aid
Food aid (Mts)
3,489
Shelter Tents
429
Plastic sheeting
10,127
Beds
500
Mattresses
20,696
Blankets
37,880
Clothing (pieces)
19,778
Shoes (pairs)
22,072
Relief Items Jerry cans
11,217
Kitchen sets
8,892
Gas & electric stoves
429
Water and sanitation Water tanks
18
Soap/detergent (pcs)
9,978

The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) has deployed two staff members to Moscow to strengthen the agency's presence in the Russian Federation. UNICEF now has a team in Vladikavkaz arranging the unloading, storage, and distribution of water and sanitation materials, educational supplies, medical equipment, and children's winter clothing.

The UN World Food Programme (WFP) has started working with Emercom to: procure 1,000 Mts of wheat flour, pulses, and sugar locally; airlift some 120 Mts of high-energy biscuits directly to Vladikavkaz; and transport 500 Mts of wheat flour and 280 Mts of mixed pulses from Poti to Novorosiisk and on to the northern Caucasus. WFP plans on entering into an arrangement with World Vision, whereby the NGO monitors the distribution of commodities.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) continues to facilitate meetings in the health and nutrition and water and sanitation sectors. The next meeting for interested agencies is scheduled to take place at IOM's office at 2:00 p.m. on Friday 14 January 2000.

NGOs are becoming increasingly involved in the northern Caucasus. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) carried out an assessment mission to the region in December and responded immediately by providing winter clothing. On 28 and 29 December 1999, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) distributed 500 mattresses and 500 blankets to 121 families in the following spontaneous settlements: canning factory, pig farm, 'logovaz' used car lot, and a small farm in the Troiskaya area. Medecins sans Frontieres- Netherlands has provided hospital kits to five hospitals and basic medical kits to ten polyclinics.

Response to the UN Inter-Agency Flash Appeal

Table I. Donors and the contributions they have made to the UN flash appeal

Donor
US $ Contribution
Canada
680,272
Czech Republic
11,000
Denmark
405,954
Finland
204,414
France
160,136
Germany
422,215
Japan
500,000
Norway
1,286,213
Switzerland
1,270,192
United Kingdom
1,450,000
United States
5,047,020
EC-ECHO
1,050,420
Finnish Refugee Council
16,088
Qatar Charitable Society
850,500
Total:
13,354,424

Table II. Requirements and contributions to specific agencies

Agency
US $ Requirements
US $ Pledges/
Contributions
US $
Shortfall
% Needs covered
UNFPA
400,000
400,000
UNHCR
8,300,000
8,623,261
103.9
UNICEF
1,100,000
977,054
88.8
WFP
5,300,000
2,864,012
2,435,988
54.0
WHO
742,000
348,045
393,955
46.9
OCHA/UN
345,000
542,052
157.1
Total:
16,187,000
13,354,424
3,352,889
82.5

Produced by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Moscow
Tel: 232-3011; Fax: 232-3017; email: ocha.russia@mtu-net.ru

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.