Analysis: Flow Monitoring Surveys - Profile of Migrants Interviewed in Romania, January 2018
About DTM´s Flow Monitoring Surveys
Analysis of respondents surveyed in Romania
• Demographic profile
• Journey to Europe
• Reasons for leaving and destination countries
About DTM`s Flow Monitoring Surveys
The flow monitoring surveys implemented in Romania are part of IOM´s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean that have started in October 2015 and are being conducted within the framework of IOM´s research on populations on the move, through the Mediterranean and Western Balkans Routes to Europe. Throughout the course of 2017 more than 20 data collectors collected 9,483 surveys in Italy, Greece, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Kosovo*, Montenegro, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania. Different analysis and information product based on the overall sample (including surveys from 2016) can be found on DTM´s Migration Flows to Europe Geoportal.
This analysis provides a unique look into responses collected in Romania in August 2017. A team of four data collectors located in three different reception centres around the country – Timisoara, Bucharest and Galati (see map above) collected a total of 349 surveys, out of which, 331 were categorized as valid responses (completed interview with individual´s consent). The further analysis includes information about migrants’ profiles, including their age, sex, areas of origin, levels of education and employment status before migration, key transit points on their route, cost of the journey, reasons for moving and intentions.
The survey also contains more detailed questions on family and employment status before departure and additional child focused questions (e.g. education levels, the last time a child had access to education, etc.). Further, it allows the interviewer to capture a higher number of locations with protection incidents. The Eastern Mediterranean survey used in Romania, also includes six questions that are proxy indicators for potential human trafficking or exploitative practices experienced by the respondents or other migrants en-route, which are exempted from this analysis.
The Central Mediterranean survey includes the same questions as well as two additional pilot questions within the module on Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Indication, focusing on direct or indirect experiences of migrants with sexual gender-based violence and physical violence during the journey (read more here).
Further information about the questionnaire, proxy indicators and survey implementation can be found in the Methodology section.