Situation Report 3: Super Typhoon Haiyan

Report
from Church World Service
Published on 12 Nov 2013 View Original

HIGHLIGHTS

• 11.3 million people are affected by Typhoon Haiyan in 9 regions across the Philippines

• Immediate needs are emergency shelter, food and water and sanitation

• Telecommunications are re-established in most affected areas but accessibility it still a problem

• Tropical depression Zoraida has made landfall over the affected areas with moderate to heavy rainfalls in several areas.

• In Vietnam, Typhoon Haiyan decreased in intensity and the proactive pre-storm measures taken by the government have limited the impact on the population.

SITUATION IN PHILIPPINES

Typhoon Haiyan has killed as many as 10,000 people in the Philippines, with the devastation it caused being described as “absolute chaos”. The hardest hit is the central Philippine city of Tacloban, which is said to be flattened and where hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced. The damage to airports and roads is hampering initial relief efforts but major improvements have been made to restore telecommunications and accessibility.

While much media attention has already been put on Tacloban, it has been reported that myna cities in other parts of the country are also facing huge losses, with the urgent need of food and water supply, shelter and medical assistance.

The Philippines Disaster Risk Reduction Network (PDRRN) has set to conduct several assessments in Dinagat Islands, but sea travel going in and out of the Island Province in are cancelled due to increment weather mainly caused by Typhoon Zoraida. Sea travel are suspended until tomorrow unless weather will improve and according to the Surigao City Operations Center of the Coast Guard. Estimated rainfall amount is from 5 – 15 mm per hour (moderate – heavy) within the 300 km diameter of the Tropical Depression .

The last information received about Dinagat is that more than 21,000 families affected in all the 100 barangays in the 7 municipalities. 3,238 houses are partially damaged, while 478 are totally damaged.

PDRRN also intended to conduct rapid assessment team that headed to Eastern Visayas last Monday, Nov 11, 2013 from Cebu. As of now, PDRRN staffs have not yet been able to communicate specific reports due to limitation in communication signal. Another assessment in the province of Iloilo through a PDRRN’s affiliate is on the way. Their recommendation is to look at municipalities of Carles and Concepcion (where Typhoon Haiyan made its 5th landfall) as these are the poorest cities in the Province.

Limited access still hampers responders and assessment teams in putting up more accurate cost of damages and losses. Moreover, the presence of the Tropical storm Zoraida that made landfall in Davao Oriental this morning has made accessibility and communications even more difficult. Selected areas in Mindanao and Visayas experience moderate to heavy rains and were placed under Signal No. 1 including Surigao del Norte and Dinagat Islands. For more information, please refer to PAGASA’s latest bulletin on this website: http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/wb/tc_up.html

CWS RESPONSE IN PHILIPPINES

ACT Alliance Response

CWS support early response and recovery efforts of fellow members of the ACT Alliance that have significant operations in the Philippines, including the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR), Lutheran World Relief (LWR), Christian Aid (CA) and the National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP).

Initial response activities are likely to include material resource provision, emergency shelter items, drinking water and cash for work programs. Please visit CWS Global website to support ACT Alliance appeal: http://www.cwsglobal.org/newsroom/appeals-and-updates/initial-appeal-typ...

The Lutheran World Relief (LWR) has issued an appeal of USD 2.5 millions and will likely responding with emergency shelter and shelter repair kits, debris removal through cash for work scheme and non-food items for IDPs in temporary evacuation centers. For more information on LWR response, please visit http://lwr.org/ourwork/emergencies/haiyan.

ADRRN Technical Assistance

In addition, as a member of ADRRN, CWS-Asia/Pacific will provide technical assistance to local agencies, mainly ADRRN members in planning, implementation, accessing resources, monitoring, compliance, and quality and accountability.

These members are already moving forward with need assessments and food and non-food items distribution for an initial target of 1,000 families in Dinagat. There is a need for additional cash to complete the required relief items for the 1,000 families and they also plan to increase the target as the assessments are finalized.

Under this scheme, proposed plan of intervention will come is 3 phases:

• First Phase (First 2 months): Critical Life Saving Phase where food items and Shelter/WASH Items will be distributed to selected communities, in Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte, Bohol and Eastern Samar.

• Second Phase (second to third month): Transition from life-saving towards recovery but still critical. Provision of home return kits as strategy under shelter since this can be a period where affected families will be trying to rebuild their homes or when evacuation centers are being closed and they are mandated for their immediate return.

• Third Phase (third to sixth month): Capacity Building, Advocacy, and Early Recovery Program (ERP): this is to capacitate affected population and LGUs on DRR and disaster preparedness. Moreover, with the ruins, livelihood is a critical issue and the need for restoration and rebuilding is foremost and will form part of the ERP.

ADRRN has launched a network-coordinated response towards relief and recovery including all members and CWS-Asia/Pacific disaster response team is on stand-by to respond to requests by ADRRN members, and full caution will be placed so that no duplication would emerge as to the sectors and geographical targets of ACT Alliance’s response.

CWS-Asia/Pacific Deputy Director – Mrs. Mae Managbanag will soon be in Manilla to ensure proper contribution to this response and coordinate appropriately with ACT Alliance and ADRRN members in the Philippines

SITUATION IN VIETNAM Source: UNOCHA

• Haiyan has reduced intensity on the way to Vietnam after affecting the Philippines as a Category 5 typhoon and has become the 14th tropical storm to hit Vietnam in 2013.

• Although the storm was initially expected to make landfall with high intensity, in turning northwards along the coast it weakened sufficiently offshore, making landfall at 3 am on 11 November as a Category 1 Typhoon. As a result, the impact and loss is expected to be lower than initially anticipated.

• The UN and INGOs praised the Government’s proactive pre-storm measures.

• The Prime Minister activated the highest state of preparedness on the 8th November, three days before the storm made landfall. This proactive response helped to save lives, and mitigate the impacts of what was still a very serious tropical storm

• As part of preparedness and mitigation measures more than 800,000 people were evacuated. Those in the Central Provinces have already returned home.

• The Government has remained in control of the situation throughout and is unlikely to request for international assistance. However, the UN System, INGOs and other humanitarian partners remain in close contact with the authorities and stand ready to support if required.

Based on CWS-Vietnam report: 43 houses collapsed, 843 house lost roof, 01 TV tower (52m tall) collapsed, no record on human lost yet. 16 fishing boats sunk.

On Cam Pha city sea area: one ship was sunk, 3 missing people. 6 of 8 districts have power cut off fully. The damps and irrigational works are in save conditions.

CWS RESPONSE IN VIETNAM

While the impact of the weakened typhoon in Vietnam is yet to be fully assessed, CWS will respond there with recovery support if it is needed in cooperation with ACT Alliance Forum.

For further information, please contact

Mae Managbanag Deputy Director Tel: +923015181356 Email: mae@cwspa.org.pk

Takeshi Komino Head of Emergencies Tel: +66-2-2146077, Fax: +66-2-2146078 Email: takeshi@cwspa.org.pk