Philippines + 1 more

From Rebels to Soldiers: Lessons from the Military Integration of Ex-Combatants in the Philippines and East Timor

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Asia pacific Bulletin Number 52

From Nepal to Iraq, the idea of absorbing ex-combatants from non-statutory forces into national armies is gaining political ground. Either as a peace investment or a counterinsurgency tool, the military integration of former insurgents and militiamen presents vexing security challenges. In 1996 and 2001, the Philippines and East Timor respectively embarked upon parallel projects to absorb former rebels/combatants into their army.