- Executive Summary
1.1.Context of Topcial Storm Sendong
According to the NDRRMC, Tropical Storm Sendong (a.k.a. Topic Storm Washi) entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility as a tropical depression on 15 December 2011 and shortly intensified into a tropical storm. As it crossed the Philippines, the storm affected seven regions: IV-B (MIMAROPA), VII (Central Visayas), IX (Zamboanga Peninsula), X (Northern Mindanao), XI (Davao), XIII (Caraga) and ARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). Region X includes the most heavily affected areas of Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City.
As of 24 January 2012, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) estimates that the total number of affected persons from Sendong in Region X is 384,857 people or 69,755 households. Specifically, around 284,515 people are displaced – with capacity in the evacuation centers being stretched to 21,862 people or 4,738 families. The remaining displaced persons remain in makeshift shelters, with host families, renting of properties, or without access to any shelters. A total of 39,400 households were damaged in Region X, mainly in Cagayan de Oro and Iligan cities (Totally – 11,427 /Partially – 27,973).
The key objective of the assessment is be to contribute towards the effective and equitable provision of emergency shelter assistance to the affected population by ensuring that shelter actors have adequate information for designing and funding programs. Specifically, the assessment will identify the needs of those that are affected to enable contrasting of 3W (who, what where) to identify gaps and opportunities. Moreover, it will provide detailed information to operational staff to assist in designing and implementing emergency shelter and longer term recovery projects.
The shelter assessment includes four components of data collection and analysis. First, there are the secondary data sources of governments and agencies. Second there are the household surveys that serve as the backbone of the assessment. Thirdly, there was focus group discussions in each of the communities visited. And finally, there is the GIS and mapping component of all the aforementioned data collected, collated and analyzed.
This assessment focuses on Region X of the Philippines, the area where the majority of the impact of Sendong was experienced. The process for selecting the communities included reviewing the list of affected municipalities by DSWD in their Disaster Reports (December-January 2012).
Throughout this process, two municipalities were completely removed due to existing statistics not reflecting the on-ground reality. Specifically, in Malitbog and El Salvador City municipalities, both administrations noted that there was no shelter damage within their area. The Macasandig Barangay was excluded from home-based surveys, and only evacuation centres and temporary shelters were included.
This was because CRS had undertaken an assessment in Macasandig, and as the only implementing agency there it was not required to be reassessed.