Quick facts: What you need to know about Super Typhoon Haiyan

News and Press Release
Originally published
View original

On November 8, 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan cut a devastating path across the central Philippines. Nearly 13 million people have been affected across the Visayas region, where the storm is known as Yolanda.

Mercy Corps' emergency team is working to rush supplies like water purifiers, generators, tents and blankets to survivors.

You can help by donating to our Philippines Typhoon Response ▸

Here are some key facts about the tragic situation in the Philippines right now:

Super Typhoon Haiyan

  • Storm strength: Equivalent of Category 5, the highest — and the strongest tropical cyclone to ever make landfall

  • Sustained wind speed at landfall: 195 miles per hour — breaking the previous highest record of 190 mph)

  • Wind gusts: Up to 235 miles per hour

  • Surge in sea level during the storm: 13 feet


  • World Health Organization disaster classification: Category 3, the highest — on par with the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the Haiti earthquake in 2010

  • People affected: 12.9 million — 13% of the country's population

  • Death toll (reported thus far): 4,460

  • People left homeless: 1.9 million

  • People outside evacuation centers: 575,378

  • People in need of food: 2.5 million

  • Amount of area destroyed in the storm's path: 70 to 80 percent

  • Homes damaged or destroyed: 281,091

  • Amount of homes lost in hardest-hit areas: 90 percent

  • Most immediate threats to survivors (in order of urgency): Lack of safe drinking water, no shelter, untreated injuries and illnesses, insufficient food, lack of sanitation and personal hygiene items, lack of household supplies like fuel

The Philippines

  • Population: 98 million

  • Population living on less than $2 per day: 2 in 5

  • Number of babies to be born in typhoon-affected areas this month: 12,000

  • Share of roads that are paved: 22.2 percent

  • Global rank on infrastructure quality in 2009: 94

  • Global rank on infrastructure quality in 2011: 113

Emergency response

  • Members of Mercy Corps' emergency team: Experts in water, sanitation, logistics and distribution

  • Number of disasters our team has responded to since 2007: 23

  • Our immediate priorities: Clean water, sanitation, temporary shelter and food

  • Source of emergency relief supplies: Local wholesalers and vendors, to support the recovery of the local economy

  • When a larger permanent team is likely to be in place: December, with a focus on recovery and long-term rebuilding

  • Funding requested by the UN: $301 million

  • Months of recovery that will cover: Only the first 6

  • Amount still needed: 76%