Period covered by this operations update: 23 October to 31 March 2010
Appeal target (current): CHF 16,286,096 (USD 16.1 million or EUR 10.8 million)
Appeal coverage: With contributions received to date, the appeal is 49 per cent covered in cash and kind, and including those in the pipeline, it is approximately 55 per cent covered.
- This emergency appeal was issued 23 October 2009 for CHF 16,286,096 (USD 16.1 million or EUR 10.8 million) for 18 months to assist approximately 110,000 families (550,000 people).
- A revised preliminary emergency appeal was issued 12 October 2009 for CHF 6,854,640 (USD 6.65 million or EUR 4.51 million) for nine months to assist 200,000 beneficiaries.
- A preliminary emergency appeal was initially launched on a preliminary basis on 1 October 2009 for CHF 3,086,571 (USD 2.98 million or EUR 2.45 million) for nine months to assist 200,000 beneficiaries.
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 200,000 was allocated from IFRC's DREF to support Philippine Red Cross in its initial response.
Summary: This consolidated report summarizes the progress made during the first six months of the operation. The plan and budget were outlined in the emergency appeal launched on 23 October 2009, and is expected to end in March 2011.
The emergency appeal was launched following two typhoons that hit the Philippines in September and October 2009: Ketsana (locally known as Ondoy) on 26 September, and Parma (Pepeng) on 3 October. As the response to Ketsana and Parma was being mounted, two more typhoons - Melor (Quedan) and Lupit (Ramil) - approached but dissipated without causing much damage. Then, on 30 October 2009, another major typhoon, Mirinae (Santi), made landfall.
Over the period October 2009 to March 2010, the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) assisted typhoon-affected families with search and rescue, restoration of family links, food items, non-food relief items, health and care (including psychosocial support), water and sanitation, and materials for shelter repair and construction of transitional shelters. During the emergency phase, PRC search and rescue teams rescued 3,900 persons. Subsequently, the National Society provided emergency assistance with the support of its International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement partners. The assistance included delivery of the following: food parcels to 144,000 families; 2.8 million litres of water and water purification tablets/solutions; sanitation facilities; health services to 700 patients, and; psychosocial support to some 4,000 persons. Cumulatively, PRC provided direct emergency assistance to typhoon-displaced families in 59 evacuation centres.
Following the emergency assistance activities, PRC provided non-food item kits comprising blankets, mosquito nets, sleeping mats and jerry cans to some 35,100 families. In addition, the National Society provided kitchen sets, cleaning kits and hygiene kits. At the same time, community health volunteers complemented distributions with the delivery of essential health and hygiene messages. With the conclusion of the relief phase, focus shifted to recovery. In this regard, procurement, distribution and monitoring of items aimed at meeting shelter needs of typhoon-affected families have advanced. As of end March 2010, up to 1,647 families had been assisted with shelter repair kits while construction of 965 transitional
shelters - with latrines and septic tanks - had commenced in La Union, Laguna and Pangasinan. Construction of 1,268 transitional shelters in Kalinga and Rizal is expected to start in April 2010. Also completed during the period under review was a four-classroom transitional school constructed in Laguna with direct assistance of Swiss Red Cross.
Since a vast majority of houses that were damaged or destroyed by the typhoons were in unsafe locations [considered at risk from water-related hazards], families from such areas are not allowed by authorities to return to their original homes. Over the past six months, PRC and IFRC carried out advocacy with local government units, the Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor and private entities such as Banco de Oro (BDO) Unibank to secure safer land for displaced families to construct their new homes. Through these efforts, reallocation sites have been secured in Kalinga, Pangasinan and Rizal. As more safe land becomes available, PRC - supported by IFRC - is initiating distribution of shelter materials for beneficiaries to start re-building their homes. In all, the target is to provide 6,500 families with transitional shelters and 10,000 families with shelter repair kits. In addition to IFRC-supported shelter assistance, German and Swiss Red Cross societies are also supporting PRC in providing shelter materials to some 516 families in Benguet.
To date, cash and in-kind contributions to this intervention have been received from American Red Cross, Australian Red Cross/Australian government, Austrian Red Cross, British Red Cross/British government, Canadian Red Cross/Canadian government, Danish Red Cross, Finnish Red Cross, German Red Cross, Hong Kong branch of the Red Cross Society of China, Icelandic Red Cross, Iranian Red Crescent, Irish Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross, Republic of Korea Red Cross, Luxembourg Red Cross, Monaco Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross, New Zealand Red Cross/New Zealand government, Norwegian Red Cross/Norwegian government, and Swedish Red Cross/Swedish government. Support has also been received from the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid department (DG ECHO), the OPEC Fund for International Development and the Italian government.
On behalf of Philippine Red Cross, IFRC would like to thank all partners and donors for their generous and invaluable contributions to this appeal. However, as it has been highlighted in the previous operations updates, a funding gap still remains. Further support from partners is therefore needed and encouraged.