Philippines: Typhoons Appeal No.26/2004 Operation Update No. 5


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In Brief

Appeal No. 26/04; Operations Update no. 5; Period covered: 16 March 2005 - 5 April 2005; Appeal coverage (received/pledged/indicated): 76.6%; (click here to go directly to the attached Contributions List, also available on the website).

Appeal history:

Preliminary appeal launched on 2 December 2004 for CHF 2,011,000 (USD 1,749,036 or EUR 1,316,738) for three months for 250,000 beneficiaries.

Appeal revised on 15 December 2004 for CHF 4,193,878 (USD 3,634,146 or EUR 2,731,487) for six months for 60,000 families (some 300,000 beneficiaries).

Final report is due in September 2005.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 150,000.

Outstanding needs: CHF 982,887 (USD 819,756 or EUR 634,530)

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Southeast Asia Annual Appeals 01.66/2004 and 05AA057

Operational Summary:

The Philippines National Red Cross (PNRC) has resolved the initial logistics challenges causing delays to relief activities. Both relief distributions and health activities made significant progress. All non-food distributions will be completed in April while the distribution of food and housing material is expected to start in the coming days. New emergency health kits (NEHK), supplementary medical supplies and equipment are being provided to the selected health facilities along with health services and education activities. Health facilities have also been identified for rehabilitation. A plan of action for water and sanitation is also being developed. The PNRC is organizing disaste r response teams training to strengthen its capacity to respond to future disaster.


Since mid-November 2004, floods and landslides provoked by a series of storms, including Typhoons Muifa and Namadol and two tropical depressions, have killed 1,0621 people, injured 1,161 and affected more than three million, mostly on the northern island of Luzon. Some 550 people are still reported missing. Over 188,000 houses were completely or partially damaged. The combined impact has caused significant loss of life and damage to the agricultural economy and severe disruption to livelihood and infrastructure in the country.

The PNRC has been in the forefront of response activities including distributions of food and household items, temporary shelter and health interventions. The Federation immediately released CHF 150,000 from DREF to support the relief operations of the PNRC and launched a preliminary appeal on 2 December 2004. Building on identified priority needs and the capacity of the national society, a revised appeal was launched on 15 December 2004, jointly with the UN Flash Appeal, to support PNRC relief activities in the worst-hit areas where humanitarian aid to date has been inadequate and affected households face an extended recovery period.

Operational developments

Nearly four months after the devastation of the floods and landslides, there are areas still without electricity and thousands of displaced families still staying in temporary relocation centres.

Since the launch of non-food distributions on 3 March 2005, more than 10,000 affected families have already received the non-food items. All non-food distributions will be completed in April. However, the procurement of food items, sardines and rice in particular, encountered a number of challenges and resulting delays, mainly due to supplier's non-compliance with the specified standards. The sardines were replaced and the new delivery was scheduled for completion in two days. The national food authority (NFA) agreed to supply rice to the PNRC and delivery was expected to start over the coming week. Procurement of housing material is about to be completed and distribution will start soon for those families who have lost their homes. This will be done in partnership with a community service organization to rebuild houses on behalf of those who may not be able to carry out the reconstruction work themselves.

The health programme made significant progress during the reporting period. On 16 March 2005, PNRC began the allocation of new emergency health kits and supplementary medical supplies and equipment to the selected barangay and district health facilities in Quezon, Aurora and Gabaldon, and distributions are now ongoing. The field validation report identified the main health centre in General Nakar and 11 barangay health stations (BHS) for rehabilitation. Procurement and construction work will begin in April. Health education activities also started in March in Camarines Sur and Quirino. A total of 62 barangays were covered, nearly 1,000 patients were attended to and some 670 families benefited from health education sessions. Education materials on common diseases such as dengue, diarrhoea, cholera and malaria were distributed. Also in March, training was conducted for the community volunteers in General Nakar who will serve as core disseminators on common public health emergencies. In the first week of March, PNRC and sanitary engineers jointly undertook water testing in Real. The results indicated the need for chlorination and boiling of water for drinking but for the long-term the water system structure needs to be re-evaluated for repair, improvement and protection. PNRC will meet with the local authorities to identify an action plan.

With the relief distributions now progressing well, the PNRC is looking into the capacity building component of the appeal, including the preparation of disaster response teams (DRT) training in various regions of the country and purchase of DRT equipment.

Red Cross and Red Crescent action - objectives, progress, impact

Emergency relief (food and non-food)

Objective 1: 50,000 affected families (approximately 250,000 people) receive basic food items and 25,000 families (approximately 125,000 people) receive non-food items to help recover their losses arising from the damage caused by the severe weather disturbances.



Procurement of noodles and sardines were undertaken as reported in the previous operations update. The noodles and sardines were delivered to the PNRC warehouse in Mendaluyong. However, the contracted inspection company rejected the supply of sardines since they did not comply with the standards specified in the purchase order and agreed by the vendor. The vendor removed the supplies and began replacing the sardines after the inspection at its warehouse. More than half of the supplies have been received and it was hoped that the delivery would be completed by the week.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In the Philippines: Victor Liozo, Secretary-General, Philippine National Red Cross,, phone: +632 5278384, fax: +632 5270887; Floyd Barnaby, Head of Delegation,, phone: +63 2 527 6227, mobile: +63 915 570 4694, fax: +63 2 527 0859;

In Bangkok: Dr Ian Wilderspin, Head of Regional Disaster Risk Management Unit, Southeast Asia Regional Delegation, Bangkok, Thailand,, phone: +66 2 640 8211, fax: +66 2 640 8220;

In Geneva: Charles Evans/Sandra Rosner, Southeast Asia Desk, email: or, phone: +41 22 730 4320/4456, fax: +41 22 733 0395.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at

Full report (pdf* format - 156 KB)