Philippines: Typhoon OCHA Situation Report No. 12

Situation Report
Originally published



OVERVIEW: Two months after the typhoons, which struck the Philippines in late 2006, emergency relief needs have scaled down and early recovery activities have initiated with the strong involvement of the government, local organizations and the international community. While most people have returned to their homes and started restoring their livelihoods, over 3,000 families continue to find refuge in evacuation and transit centers. With displacement estimated to extend for the next six months, sufficient assistance for basic necessities, improvement of living environment conditions, livelihood and psychosocial support must be provided to ensure the right of displaced families to a dignified and humane life.

FOOD: The increase in food rations from 2.5 kilogram/family to the appropriate level of 50 kilogram/family will benefit 5,880 affected families (29,400 people) residing in evacuation and transit centres as well as displaced people in host communities.

NUTRITION: Malnutrition prevalence and low breastfeeding rates remain to be evident in Bicol Region. However, the exact extent of malnutrition still needs to be determined through the development of a standardized nutritional assessment.

CAMP MANAGEMENT: 3,067 families continue to reside in 25 evacuation and transit centres in Albay. While land acquisitions for permanent resettlements is still being finalized by the government, the structures and facilities in these temporary shelters demand improvement and upgrading. Large number of IDPs in host communities also requires shelter repair assistance and livelihood support.

SHELTER: 310,000 homes were demolished by the successive typhoons in 7 regions. Assistance for the construction of permanent resettlements continues to be insufficient, especially=B7 with the 56% (6,900) reduction of the 12,000 planned housing units by the government due to financial constraints. A total of 13,356 transitional shelter kits will be distributed by the Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) to the affected provinces of Marinduque, Albay, Catanduanes, Mindoro Occidental, Camarines Sur, Quezon, Isabela, Aurora and Masbate.

HEALTH: There are no outbreaks of communicable diseases reported. While initial repair and rehabilitation of hospital infrastructures and essential health care facilities occur, the need for hospital equipment and medical supplies remains significant.

EDUCATION: Php3.1 billion worth of school property were damaged affecting 5,685 schools. Albay province accounts for 79% of the total cost of damage, involving over 357,400 children. In addition, 595 Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) learning centres were totally and partially destroyed.

AGRICULTURE: The main sources of livelihood of countless families in the affected areas such as coconut and abaca farms, and fisheries and aquaculture have been severely devastated, further deteriorating the situation of poverty-stricken families who will be without a source of income for the next 3 to 5 years.

PROTECTION: Displaced families in evacuation and transit centres must be well informed of plans and process of relocation in order to prevent further conflicts to surface.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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