A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Nock-Ten (locally known as Nina) made landfall as a Category 3 typhoon on 25 December 2016. The typhoon made seven landfalls, starting in the island province of Catanduanes and traversing across the Bicol region and Region IV-B before heading out to sea. More than 2 million people were affected by the typhoon, with at least 500,000 people pre-emptively evacuated by the Philippine government. More than 300,000 houses were damaged by Typhoon Nock-Ten, with at least 75,000 destroyed. The provinces of Albay, Camarines Sur and Catanduanes in the Bicol region were the most affected. Furthermore, more than 100 million Swiss franc worth of agricultural assets were damaged.
Summary of response
Overview of Host National Society
Philippine Red Cross (PRC) is the nation’s largest humanitarian organization and works through 104 Chapters covering all administrative districts and major cities in the country. It has at least 1,000 staff at national headquarters and chapter levels, and approximately one million volunteers and supporters, of whom some 500,000 are active volunteers. Each chapter has a programme called Red Cross 143, which aim to put in place 44 volunteers in each community (1 leader, 43 members) to enhance the overall capacity of the National Society to prepare for and respond in disaster situations.
Overview of the response
Immediately after landfall, PRC, with support from the IFRC, conducted rapid assessments in the provinces of Albay, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Marinduque, Northern Samar, and Sorsogon and, where necessary, provided relief assistance reaching at least 16 municipalities in said 6 provinces. PRC subsequently conducted detailed assessments in the four most affected provinces of Albay, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes and Marinduque. PRC mobilized staff and volunteers from chapters and the national headquarters to the most affected areas, including community-based Red Cross 143 volunteers and chapter-based Red Cross Action Team (RCAT) 143 volunteers and National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) members.
The overall figures for the emergency relief PRC provided, including the contribution from the IFRC Emergency Appeal, are shown below. For early recovery, PRC focused its intervention in the province of Catanduanes. The early recovery interventions within the IFRC Appeal focused on livelihood, shelter and DRR.