Description of the disaster
Typhoon Mangkhut made landfall in Baggao, Cagayan province at 01:40 of 15 September as a Category 4 typhoon, making it the strongest storm to make landfall in the Philippines this year, carrying a gustiness of up to 255 km/h with maximum sustained winds of 205km/h near the centre. Mangkhut exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on the morning of 16 September. The areas most severely impacted by Typhoon Mangkhut are Regions I, II, III and CAR in northern and central Luzon.
As reported, a total of 469,230 people was displaced to 3,678 evacuation centers and 628,006 people displaced to other locations. Those figures have dropped significantly to 897 people still in evacuation centers in Region III, CALABARZON and CAR; while 13,924 people are still displaced in the same regions while staying with host families.
The typhoon also strengthened the Southwest Monsoon affecting the country, bringing near continuous heavy rainfall to many parts over Central and Northern Luzon. These areas were put under the highest rainfall alert in accordance with the national weather bureau. This further exacerbated the situation of areas already supported with the Habagat DREF Operation.
As the country's leading local humanitarian actor, and in pursuit of its mandate outlined in Republic Act No. 10072, PRC requested IFRC to launch an Emergency Appeal on its behalf to scale up the current operation to deliver humanitarian assistance in the affected communities. On 13 September, PRC deployed a caravan which includes a 10,000-liter water tanker, four 10-wheeler trucks, one 6-wheeler truck, four generator sets, a payloader, a mobile kitchen, a Humvee with a rescue boat, and a 6x6 truck. It also contains a water treatment unit, three sets of water bladders and tap stand, 2,000 sets of basic household items (sleeping kits, hygiene kits, jerry cans and tarpaulin mats), 100 cadaver bags and five tents used as temporary learning spaces.