A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Koppu (locally known as Lando) made landfall over the town of Casiguran, Aurora province, eastern Luzon on October 18, 2015 as a Category 3 typhoon with maximum sustained winds of 185km/h and gusts up to 220km/h.
Aside from its sheer intensity, Koppu was also a slow-moving typhoon that brought heavy to intense rainfall (300-760 mm) in central and northern Luzon for 5 days. The one month’s worth of rainfall flooded many provinces, damaging homes, destroying crops and livestock, and altering the course of agricultural production. The greatest impact of the typhoon was felt in Central Luzon (Nueva Ecija and Pampanga provinces) and Cagayan Valley (Isabela and Cagayan provinces) due to severe flooding and landslides.
The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reported that more than 3.13 million people (626,000 families) were affected, with displaced to evacuation centres. Koppu left 48 people dead and 83 injured, destroyed almost 19,000 houses and damaged some 119,000 more. In addition, losses to agriculture were estimated to be worth than PHP 9 billion (CHF 191 million), with the livelihoods of thousands destroyed.
Coordination and partnerships
Overview of Red Cross Red Crescent actors in-country In response to this operation, Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners, apart from PRC and IFRC, include the ICRC, which made food and non-food items available for distribution as well as the Qatar Red Crescent Society which provided funding for food support. Non-food item stocks pre-positioned after 2013’s Typhoon Haiyan funded by New Zealand Aid and the Government of Australia, were also released by PRC for distribution.
Overall, the PRC works with the IFRC, ICRC and in-country Partner National Societies (PNS) including American Red Cross, Australian Red Cross, British Red Cross, The Canadian Red Cross Society, Finnish Red Cross, French Red Cross, German Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross Society, The Netherlands Red Cross, Norwegian Red Cross, Qatar Red Crescent Society, Spanish Red Cross and Swiss Red Cross.
The IFRC country office liaises and supports coordination with the PRC, ICRC, PNS in-country and external organizations, as needed. This DREF is a contribution to the overall response plan of the PRC.
Overview of non-Red Cross Red Crescent actors in-country
Coordinating with the authorities
As an auxiliary to the public authorities, PRC maintains a strong relationship with government bodies through participation or collaboration with (i) NDRRMC; (ii) the provincial, municipal and barangay (village) disaster risk reduction and management councils (DRRMCs); and (iii) the local government units defined in the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act from 2010. As a member of NDRRMC as well as regional, provincial and local DRRMCs, PRC coordinates with the central and local public authorities by participating in pre-disaster risk assessment and preparedness meetings.
The PRC and the IFRC country office attended coordination meetings called by the Office of Civil Defence and the Department of Social Welfare and Development, as well as humanitarian country team meetings. PRC also provides consistent updates to Movement partners with in-country presence as well as to its external partners.
At country level, PRC and IFRC participate in HCT forums held both during disasters and non-emergency times. PRC and IFRC are involved in relevant Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) cluster and inter-cluster meetings. IFRC is also the lead agency for the IASC shelter cluster in the Philippines. Regionally, the IFRC Asia Pacific Regional Office in Kuala Lumpur, and the Country Cluster Support Team (CCST) in Bangkok participate in regional IASC meetings.