This DREF operation update also informs the no-cost timeframe extension of 40 days to accommodate the provision of unconditional cash transfers. The operation will end by 28 February 2016 with the final report published 90 days after the end of operation.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Koppu (locally known as Lando) made landfall over the town of Casiguran, Aurora province, on the eastern coast of Luzon island, around 350 km northeast of Manila. This took place at 1:00 AM local time, on Sunday, October 18, as a Category 3 typhoon with maximum sustained winds of 185km/h and gustiness up to 220km/h. Storm surge warnings were issued for coastal communities and households were pre-evacuated by local authorities.
The slow speed of Koppu resulted in heavy to intense rainfall (300-760mm) in central and northern Luzon for five days, amounting to a month’s worth of rainfall in a normal year. Heavy rain and strong winds were also experienced in La Union, Pangasinan, and the Cordillera Region on the western coast of Luzon. By 21 October, Koppu was downgraded into a tropical depression and exited the Luzon landmass.
As the information from Philippine Red Cross (PRC) chapters and other sources became available the impact of the typhoon has become clearer. The greatest impact of the typhoon was due to the severe flooding and landslides reported in Central Luzon (Nueva Ecija and Pampanga provinces) and Cagayan Valley (Isabela and Cagayan provinces). Fast moving currents caused severe damage to low quality housing, infrastructure and crops. Mud residue in farming areas will delay the next planting season. In some cases families have gone into debt or sold assets to restore their fields and purchase seedlings. Furthermore, El Niño, which has brought low rainfall and consequently reduced the crop yield in the same areas, compounds the negative impacts of Koppu on agriculture.
In all, NDRRMC reported that more than 730,000 families were affected and many displaced to evacuation centres with 48 dead and 83 injured. Koppu also destroyed almost 19,000 houses and damaged almost 119,000 more.
NDRRMC reports more than PHP 9 billion worth of agricultural assets have been lost, while damage to infrastructure is estimated at than PHP 1.3 billion (approximately CHF 37 million).
The IFRC, on behalf of the PRC, would like to thank all partners for the generous contribution to the replenishment of this DREF. These include Canadian Red Cross Society/ Canadian Government (DFATD), Netherlands Red Cross/ Netherlands Government (SEF), and DG ECHO.