Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan Emergency appeal final report (MDRPH014)

Appeal history

  • 8 November 2013: Typhoon Haiyan strikes central Philippines; IFRC allocates CHF 475,495 from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in delivering immediate assistance and in undertaking initial needs assessments.

  • 11 November: The Philippine government declares a state of national calamity and calls for international humanitarian assistance. The inter-agency standing committee categorizes Typhoon Haiyan a level-3 disaster, requiring global mobilization and response.

  • 12 November: An emergency appeal is launched on a preliminary basis for CHF 72.3 million to support 100,000 households (500,000 people) over a period of 18 months.

  • 16 January 2014: A revision of the emergency appeal is launched, seeking CHF 126.2 million to support 100,000 households (500,000 people) over 24 months.

  • 30 July: A further revision is made, lowering budget to CHF 99.88 million to support 100,000 households (500,000 people) through December 2016.

  • 18 August 2015: The budget is revised further, reduced by 5 per cent to CHF 94.53 million.
    December 2016: Haiyan appeal closes. Longer-term programmes related to the Haiyan response are transferred to the Country Operational Plan for 2017. An extension of the timeframe up to 31

  • March 2017 is granted (Operations Update no. 17) to allow financial reconciliation.

  • 31 March 2017: Operation is completed.

The situation

On 8 November 2013, Typhoon Haiyan (locally Yolanda) struck central Philippines with sustained winds of up to 280 kph and gustiness of up to 315 kph. Haiyan first made landfall in Guiuan, Eastern Samar at 0440 H.

One of the strongest typhoons on record, Haiyan barrelled through the Eastern, Central and Western Visayas regions. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) confirmed 6,300 fatalities across the country, 5,877 of those reported in the Eastern Visayas region. Locally, the actual death toll was reported as higher.

The storm crossed the Visayas region for almost a day, with its strong winds, intense rain fall and tsunami-like storm surges destroying houses, crops, infrastructure and life lines. There were widespread power interruptions; landslides and flash floods were also reported. Major roads were blocked by trees, while domestic and international commercial flights were cancelled.

In some of the worst affected areas, 250mm of rainfall was recorded in less than 12 hours. Storm surges were recorded in many places especially the eastern coastline of Leyte and Samar, such as in Tacloban, the Provincial capital on the east coast of Leyte, where over 5-metre high storm surges were reported which caused widespread destruction and loss of lives.

A total of 3,424,593 families (16,078,181 people) were affected across 12,139 barangays, 44 provinces and 591 municipalities. 890,895 families (4,095,280 persons) were displaced, requiring humanitarian assistance both inside and outside evacuation centres. The number of damaged houses reported reached 1,140,332 (550,928 totally / 589,404 partially). Damage to infrastructure and agriculture was estimated to be CHF 1.99 billion.

On 11 November, the Philippine government declared a state of national calamity, allowing the government to access funds for and to hasten procurement of essential goods and services to provide relief to the millions of affected. The public authorities requested for international assistance and the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator declared it a humanitarian system-wide Level 3 emergency, effectively activating a system-wide mobilization of capacity to enable accelerated and scaled-up delivery of assistance and protection to people in need.