A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Haima (local name: Lawin) is nearing the island of Luzon, Philippines, with the intensity of equivalent to a Category 5 Cyclone. According to projections by the Philippines Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), the super typhoon is a serious threat and will make landfall in the Cagayan-Isabela area on Wednesday 19 October night or Thursday 20 October morning.
The humanitarian impact of Haima threatens to be massive as the super typhoon is expected to bring widespread torrential rain and damaging winds, and trigger life-threatening flash floods, as well as mudslides on higher terrain, as it tracks across land. Rough seas, heavy swells, tidal surges and coastal flooding are expected in coastal areas.
PAGASA has raised the highest tropical cyclone warning signal (TCWS), #5, for the provinces of Apayao, northern Abra, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela and Kalinga, while five provinces – rest of Abra, Calayan Group of Islands, Ifugao, Ilocos Sur and Mt. Province – are under TCWS # 4. More than 25 other areas, including Metro Manila, are under lower TCWS. For details, refer to the PAGASA severe weather bulletin.
In view of the projected needs, and after analyzing demands on its capacity, the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) has requested support from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support a potential response. At this time, IFRC is making an allocation from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support pre-landfall mobilization of Red Cross personnel, relief supplies and specialized equipment closer to areas that are likely to be affected. This will enable PRC to undertake search and rescue operations, initiate rapid needs assessments and immediate distribution of relief supplies after Typhoon Haima’s landfall. Based on further information and rapid assessments to be conducted starting Thursday 20 October daytime, when conditions are safe, additional assistance will most likely be requested through the IFRC international disaster response mechanisms.