Philippines: Typhoon Haima - Emergency Appeal Revision 1, n° MDRPH022
This Revised Emergency Appeal is seeking 2,007,914 Swiss francs (reduced from 2,994,770 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in delivering assistance and support to 29,210 people (increased from 20,000 people) affected by Typhoon Haima over 10 months. The operation will focus on health; water, sanitation and hygiene; shelter; food, nutrition, and livelihoods; disaster risk reduction and National Society capacity building. Major changes include the use of cash transfer programming in the recovery phase in support of shelter and livelihoods interventions. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation, and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments.
The disaster and Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
17 October: Typhoon Haima (locally known as Lawin) enters the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR).
18 October: Government enforces pre-emptive evacuations in areas likely to be severely affected by the typhoon. PRC deploys response teams to Nueva Viscaya and Tuguegarao City prior to the Typhoon Haima’s landfall, with additional teams placed on high alert at the headquarters.
19 October: Typhoon Haima makes landfall over municipality of Peñablanca in Cagayan Province.
The typhoon left substantial humanitarian impact and IFRC approves a 48,659 Swiss franc DREF allocation to enable PRC launch a timely response in the aftermath of typhoon Haima.
21 October: IFRC launches an Emergency Appeal at the request of PRC for 2,994,770 Swiss francs to support 20,000 people affected by the typhoon. 20 December: IFRC issues revised Emergency Appeal for 2,007,914 Swiss francs
The operational strategy
On 19 October 2016, Typhoon Haima made landfall over Peñablanca municipality, Cagayan province. The typhoon moved west through the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) before exiting to the sea west of the Philippines and eventually the PAR. At one point, the typhoon was at Super Typhoon Category (Category 5), but it eventually weakened as it moved closer to land.
The province of Cagayan and the northern part of the province of Isabela on the east coast were severely affected by the strong winds that toppled power lines and damaged houses. The provinces of Kalinga, Apayao, Abra and provinces in the mountain region of CAR were also severely affected. Floods and landslides were reported, damaging shelters and livelihood assets in three Regions (I, II and CAR).
More than 2.4 million people (539,260 families) from 4,569 barangays in 22 provinces were affected by the typhoon.
Typhoon Haima caused damage to more than 270,000 houses due to strong winds and heavy rain, with 42,000 totally destroyed according to the Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center (DROMIC). More than 49 per cent of the total damaged houses were reported in the province of Cagayan.