Philippines: Typhoon Bopha Emergency appeal n° MDRPH011 - 21 December 2012

GLIDE n° TC-2012-000197-PHL

This emergency appeal seeks CHF 16.2 million in cash, kind, or services to support the Philippine Red Cross to assist 40,000 families (some 200,000 people) for 18 months. This budget includes CHF 113,000 to cover the cost of the shelter cluster coordination and funds will be allocated to this component when partners expressly indicate their interest to support it. The operation will be completed by the end of July 2014 and a final report will be made available by 30 October 2014, three months after the end of the operation.

Appeal history:

  • A preliminary emergency appeal was launched on 5 December 2012 for CHF 4,523,369 to assist 10,000 families (some 50,000 people) in 11 months.

  • Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 393,198 was allocated to initiate distributions and support the national society in needs assessments. Unearmarked funds to replenish DREF are encouraged.


On 4 December 2012, Typhoon Bopha (local name: Pablo) made landfall in the Philippines. Its passage across the country took five days and left extensive damage and devastation in its wake. The storm made multiple landfalls which delayed efforts to establish the extent of the damage. In addition, tidal waves pounded coastal areas, affecting communities living close to shores while heavy rains caused landslides and flash floods in the interior areas, especially Compostela Valley.

The most recent figures issued by national disaster authorities indicate that the death toll has surpassed 1,040, with more than 840 people still missing. An estimated 700,000 families (6.2 million people) have been affected in 34 provinces that the storm impacted during its five-day passage.

The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) has been on the ground responding to immediate needs since day one. A fortnight on, it has intensified emergency and relief interventions and has so far distributed food to 21,000 families and non-food items, including hygiene kits, to 6,000 families. Distribution of hygiene kits is accompanied by disease prevention, health and hygiene education to reinforce the practice of personal hygiene. PRC has also deployed mobile water treatment units to provide safe drinking water in some affected areas.

Responding to the humanitarian situation and a request from PRC, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is launching this Emergency Appeal in line with the increased needs on the ground. Under this IFRC-supported operation, PRC aims to provide appropriate assistance to some 40,000 typhoon-affected families (200,000 people). The relief and recovery assistance will be delivered over a period of 18 months.

The significant increase in needs and number of targeted beneficiaries reflects more detailed information that has now emerged following assessments by PRC and the expressed desire of PRC to do more and to reach further in meeting the needs of affected families. While the general picture of the damage and needs has now been obtained, sector-specific assessments will continue, and will serve as the basis for further fine-tuning of the strategy.

This operation will focus on providing immediate relief (through distribution of basic food and non-food items), water and sanitation interventions, emergency health, emergency shelter and hygiene promotion as well as medium-to-longer-term early recovery interventions (provision of shelter assistance, livelihoods, and rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities), disaster preparedness, and capacity building.

Since IFRC maintains significant stocks of pre-positioned relief supplies in country, the process of releasing them is well underway to meet immediate needs. The availability of ready stocks ensures that PRC is well placed to deliver assistance in a timely, effective, and efficient manner. Part of the contributions towards this appeal will be used to replenish the stocks to ensure that PRC’s capacity to respond swiftly in future potential disasters is not weakened.

Based on their joint experience in mounting massive typhoon operations, PRC and IFRC retain significant knowledge and capacity to effectively implement a range of interventions. IFRC will support PRC interventions in selected areas, where necessary complementing the support being provided by other partners of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (Movement). The PRC and IFRC operation will also be supported by an experienced team at the IFRC’s zone office in Kuala Lumpur (in particular the areas of disaster management coordination and support, health, water & sanitation, communications, beneficiary communications, logistics, reporting, and resource mobilization). Short, medium and long term capacity building and organizational development support will continue to be provided by the IFRC’s Southeast Asia regional office in Bangkok.