Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
This Operation Update extends this DREF operation’s timeframe from three to four months, with a new end date of 29 November 2018. A three-month operation was launched when several weather disturbances enhanced the South West Monsoon in the country, bringing near continuous heavy rainfall to many parts of Metro Manila and adjacent northern provinces. These areas were put under the highest rainfall alert in accordance with the national weather bureau.
More weather systems entered the Philippines Area of Responsibility (PAR) from 7 August that continued to enhance the effects of the southwest monsoon. The most significant of these has been Super Typhoon Mangkhut which struck north Luzon on 15th September. PRC started to mobilize Chapter and NHQ staff and assets from 11th September in preparation for the Typhoon. Some of the Chapters supported by the DREF were also directly impacted by Typhoon Mangkhut and as such mobilized staff, volunteers and assets to respond. NHQ technical and support services have also responded. Over the short term, this caused a delay to the final DREF activities and reporting. It should be noted that the response activities covered by the DREF will not overlap with any activities covered in the Mangkhut Appeal.
As such, IFRC CO request for an extension to the DREF of one month to complete final activities and reporting.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
17 July 2018: Tropical Storm Son-tinh (locally known as Henry) makes landfall in Cagayan, northeast Philippines, enhancing the southwest monsoon affecting the country.
19 July: Severe Tropical Storm Ampil (locally known as Inday) makes landfall over the east of the Philippines, causing more rain as it further enhanced the monsoon.
21 July: Tropical Depression Josie, which formed inside the PAR, further enhances the monsoon, bringing more rain to already inundated areas. Flood and landslides were reported, while more than one million people are affected across 21 provinces and seven regions.
7 August: Tropical Depression Yagi (locally known as Karding), formed inside the PAR. The southwest monsoon enhanced by Karding brought scattered to widespread monsoon rains over the Northern Luzon, Central Luzon and western section of Southern Luzon.
11 August: Metro Manila and Rizal provinces are put under the highest weather warning alert and experienced periods of intense rainfall. Rivers and some dams exceeded their alter level, significant floods occurred in Metro Manila, Rizal and other provinces. The Government requested evacuations of the most at risk areas to flooding and evacuation centres were established.
13 September 2018: The Philippine Red Cross enhances its preparedness measures for approaching Typhoon Mangkhut, and dispatches non-food items for 2,000 families from its Subic warehouse to Nueva Vizcaya. IFRC allocates 83,017 CHF from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society's readiness measures.
15 September 2018: Typhoon Mangkhut (locally known as Ompong) makes landfall in Bagao, Cagayan. This again enhanced the South West Monsoon and caused direct damaged in some chapters already supported by the Habagat Floods operation, such as Pangasinan. 18 September 2018: IFRC launches an Emergency Appeal for CHF 2.7 million, including a DREF start-up loan of 400,000 CHF, to support the PRC in meeting the humanitarian needs of 100,000 people.