Philippines

Philippines: Displacement Dashboard, Mindanao, Issue no. 43: December 2017

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Situation Report
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In December 2017, a total of 100,677 families (approximately 462,000 persons) were displaced in Mindanao. Of these, 4,899 families (approximately 25,516 persons) were displaced due to conflict and violence while 95,778 families (approximately 436,484 persons) were displaced due to Severe Tripical Storm Vinta (International name Tembin).

CURRENT NUMBER OF IDPS IN NEED OF DURABLE SOLUTION

  • 419,266: TOTAL NO. OF PERSONS WHO ARE PRESENTLY DISPLACED IN MINDANAO

  • 311,943: presently displaced due to conflict and violence

  • 107,323: presently displaced due to natural disaster

Marawi Siege Displacement and Response

In early December, the Government security sector has granted access to the return areas and to some parts of Marawi City, the twenty four (24) most affected areas/ barangays are still inaccessible to residents and humanitarian actors due to security concerns. The Office of Civil Defense has been given a ‘go’ signal by the Armed Forces of the Philippines to resume its post conflict needs assessment (PCNA) in the remaining barangays in Marawi. However, the return exercises have been temporarily halted when the Lanao areas were hit by Severe Tropical Storm Vinta on 22 December and due to the ongoing barangay profiling and certification of return requirements. IDPs reported that evacuation centres have been damaged. Rapid assessments by protection partners are ongoing in ECs and host communities. Home-based IDPs who remain displaced, as well as those who have recently returned to Marawi City and are still re-establishing their homes and livelihood, are also in an increasingly vulnerable situation due to the successive impacts of armed conflict and natural disaster.

More than 500 shelters were turned over last 27 December to Marawi IDPs from 24 barangays hardest hit by armed conflict. Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council secretary Eduardo del Rosario, who also heads Task Force Bangon Marawi explained that the government aims to have all 1,170 units in Sagonsongan occupied by the end of February. Del Rosario also said that the occupants will continue receiving food assistance and have their electricity bills waived within the first six months of occupancy.

As at end December 2017, 75.33 percent (266,615 individuals) of the 353,921 displaced at the height of the Marawi conflict remain displaced while 24.67 percent of this number or 87,306 individuals have returned to Marawi City, although Protection Cluster members have reported that some IDPs who returned recently to Marawi City had to move back to displacement sites either due to safety and security reasons or the absence of basic facilities in their place of origin.