Philippines Annual Report 2013 (MAAPH001)

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2013 was an eventful year for Philippine Red Cross given the consecutive disasters – natural and conflictdriven - that struck the country. The national weather agency, Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) gives local names to weather systems that enter the country’s area of responsibility alphabetically and in 2013, the names of these weather systems completed the letters from A to Z where some left extensive damage. Typhoon Utor (locally known as Labuyo) made landfall in Aurora on 12 August 2013, followed two weeks later by monsoon rains exacerbated by Tropical Storm Trami (locally known as Maring), which did not make landfall. Almost a month after Tropical Storm Trami, a powerful storm – Typhoon Usagi (locally known as Odette) – entered the Philippine area of responsibility (PAR), making landfall in the Batanes group of islands on 21 September 2013, as it barreled out of the Philippines. Even though it moved away and dissipated on 22 September, Usagi exacerbated the southwest monsoon that brought continuous rain until 24 September. As Typhoon Usagi dissipated, a new system – Tropical Storm Wutip (locally known as Paolo) – triggered the southwest monsoon, bringing rains and thunderstorms over the western sections of Central and Southern Luzon from 26 to 27 September 2013. The southwest monsoon rains fuelled by Typhoon Usagi and Tropical Storm Wutip caused flash floods and landslides in Zambales province, killing 32 people. Typhoon Nari (local name: Santi) made landfall in the municipality of Dingalan, Aurora province, on the night of Friday 11 October 2013, packing maximum sustained winds of up to 175 kilometres per hour. It brought heavy rains as it crossed central Luzon, causing flooding in several provinces. Then in November, the strongest typhoon on record to hit land, Haiyan (locally known as Yolanda) wiped Central Visayas region and killed 6,300 people and damaged/destroyed at least one million houses.