A. Situation Overview:
Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus, It is transferred from person-to-person by sneezing, coughing, and close personal contact. Its signs and symptoms include cough, runny nose, red eyes/conjunctivitis, fever, skin rashes lasting for more than three (3) days.
The Department of Health (DOH) raised the red flag for measles in other regions of Luzon, Central and Eastern Visayas on 07 February 2019 aside from the declaration of National Capital Region (NCR) on 06 January 2019.
A total of 261 dead were reported in Regions I, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VI, VII, VU, X, XI, Xl, ARMM, and NCR.
A total of 16,349 cases of measles were reported in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, CARAGA, ARMM, CAR, and NCR from 01 January 2019 to 02 March 2019.
Ages of cases ranged from <1month to 88 years old (median: 2 years), most affected age group: 1-4 years (4,911 or 30%) and <9 months (4,222 or 26%); Majority (8,592 or 53%) were males.
Most of the cases were from NCR (3,617 or 22%), CALABARZON (3,877 or 24%), Region III (2,331 or 14%), Region VI (800 or 5%) and Region X (776 or 5%).
Majority (9,975 or 61%) of the cases were not vaccinated.