I. SITUATION OVERVIEW:
- Recent PAGASA's climate monitoring and analyses indicate that the unusually warm sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (CEEP) which started since November 2018 is expected to become a full-blown El Niño. During the past three (3) months, rainfall analyses showed that impacts of below normal rainfall conditions in provinces of Western Mindanao and Ilocos Norte were already experienced and are expected to continue. The El Niño is anticipated to be weak and will likely result to below normal rainfall conditions in different parts of the country in the coming months. Impacts also include slightly warmer surface temperatures in varying degrees from place to place and from time to time. With this development, the El Niño Watch issued since July 2018 is now upgraded to El Niño Advisory.
A. Affected Population:
- A total of 5 municipalities or 85 barangays were affected by dry spell in Cotabato Province from November 2018 to 22 January 2019 and 5,346 farmers were affected.
B. Cost of Damages:
- An estimated P48,489,401.55 worth of damages to agriculture were reported.
C. Declaration of State of Calamity:
- A total of three (3) areas (Municipalities of Pikit, Alamada, and Aleosan) in Cotabato Province (Region XII) declared State of Calamity due to dry spell.