Integrating People Centric Issues into the Humanitarian Programme Cycle: A Case from the Philippines, Typhoon Haiyan

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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Following the catastrophic consequences of the typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in November 2013 and the subsequent activation of the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) important steps were taken towards integration of people centric issues such as age, gender, disabilities, protection and Accountability to Affected Populations across the phases of the Humanitarian Programme Cycle.

Five months on, in April 2013, the FSAC went back to partners to compile concrete evidence on how various agencies operationalized the commitments made in the Strategic Response Plan for the integration of people centric issues. Based on the feedback provided by 7 agencies (Concern Worldwide, Save the Children, Plan International,
National Coalition of Churches in the Philippines, FAO, WFP and CARE), a summary is provided on the overall achievements and challenges.

People Centric Issues in the Strategic Response Plan

The SRP was developed after extensive consultations with various actors including experts on protection, gender, age, disability and Accountability to Affected Populations. The final narrative reflected four areas of commitments made by the Cluster towards people centric issues.

  1. Inclusive assessments: In-depth assessments that involve all segments of the affected communities across gender, age, disability and diversity will be required in the coming 2-3 months in both highly and moderately affected areas to better define the profiles and needs of target populations, specifically:
  • Individuals displaced with inadequate social support systems and total loss of livelihoods and assets;

  • Groups with multiple vulnerabilities in inaccessible areas and not adequately covered by existing support programs;

  • Individuals with special nutritional needs, as per assessments conducted by the Nutrition Cluster;

  • Women and men of all ages and with expertise in agriculture, fisheries and related micro, small and medium sized enterprise (MSME)

  1. Sex and Age Disaggregated Data: As recommended in the Sphere Standards, continuous collection of sex and age disaggregated data, will be used to inform male and female targets of various age groups and the ways that cluster assistance will benefit them.

3.People centric programming:

  • Specific needs of vulnerable groups will be identified during all stages of the delivery of assistance.

  • Gender, age and diversity dynamics of cash-for-work/assets will be comprehensively explored to ensure equitable reach and access. Close links with protection advisors will ensure that guidance is in place to avoid the exclusion of older people, People with Disabilities (PwD) and women from Cash for Work (CFW/A).

  • Preventive measures will be taken to ensure that protection threats are addressed at distribution and work sites, as well as through other assistance platforms.

  1. Accountability to Affected Populations: The cluster partners will provide needs-based quality services and humanitarian accountability, including appropriate feedback mechanisms for affected populations, prevention from harm and exclusion, as well as meaningful engagement with men and women of all age groups. Cluster partners will also uphold codes of conduct, including sustainability and protection of the environment as core elements in the response plan.